Veratrum viride var. eschscholzianum
American wild hellebore

Distribution: Aklaska to California, east to Wyoming, across Canada, eastern United States from Maine to Alabama

Habitat: Moist meadows and woodlands, lowlands to subalpine

Flowers: June - September

Origin: Native

Growth Duration: Perennial

Conservation Status: Not of concern

Pollination: Bumblebees, flies, wasps


Tall perennial herbs from thick rhizomes, the unbranched stems glabrous below and white-woolly above, 1-2 m. tall.


Leaves numerous, alternate, cauline, oblong-elliptic, up to 35 cm. long and nearly as broad.


Inflorescence a loose, open panicle, 3-7 dm. long, the lower branches distinctly drooping; pedicels 2-3 mm. long; perianth yellow-green to deep green, saucer-shaped; tepals 6, distinct, narrowly oblong-lanceolate, 6-10 mm. long, serrulate, woolly on the outside, with a short, broad claw; stamens 6, as long as the tepals.


Capsule 2-3 cm. long, glabrous, tipped with the persistent styles.

Accepted Name:
Veratrum viride Aiton var. eschscholzianum (Roem. & Schult.) Breitung
Publication: Canad. Field-Naturalist. 71: 49. 1957 (as eschscholtzii). 1957.

Synonyms & Misapplications:
Veratrum eschscholtzianum (Roem. & Schult.) Rydb.
Veratrum eschscholtzii A. Gray
Veratrum eschscholtzii A. Gray var. incriminatum B. Boivin
Veratrum viride Aiton ssp. eschscholtzii (A. Gray) Á. Löve & D. Löve
Veratrum viride Aiton var. eschscholtzii (A. Gray) Breitung
Additional Resources:

PNW Herbaria: Specimen records of Veratrum viride var. eschscholzianum in the Consortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria database

WA Flora Checklist: Veratrum viride var. eschscholzianum checklist entry

OregonFlora: Veratrum viride var. eschscholzianum information

E-Flora BC: Veratrum viride var. eschscholzianum atlas page

CalPhotos: Veratrum viride var. eschscholzianum photos

41 photographs:
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