Page authors: Don Knoke, David Giblin
Toxicoscordion paniculatum
sand corn, panicled death-camas

Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; north-central Washington to California, east to the Rocky Mountains.

Habitat: Grassy slopes, sagebrush desert, and ponderosa or lodgepole pine forest openings.

Flowers: April-July

Origin: Native

Growth Duration: Perennial

Conservation Status: Not of concern


Glabrous perennial herbs from an onion-like bulb, the simple stem 3-5 dm. tall.


Leaves mostly basal, linear, 1.5-3 dm. long and 3-12 mm. broad; cauline leaves sheathing, much reduced upward.


Inflorescence a panicle, the upper flowers perfect, the lower staminate, the panicle ultimately 1-3 dm. long; pedicels 5-25 mm. long, ascending; perianth white to cream-colored, broadly bell-shaped; tepals 6, unequal, the outer broadly ovate, not clawed, 3.5-4.5 mm. long, the inner oblong-lanceolate, pointed, clawed, nearly a mm. longer than the outer; the yellowish-green gland at the base of each tepal broadly ovate; stamens 6, at least a mm. longer than the tepals; styles 3, distinct, 3 mm. long.


Capsule 14-18 mm. long.

Accepted Name:
Toxicoscordion paniculatum (Nutt.) Rydb.
Publication: Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 30: 272. 1903.

Synonyms & Misapplications:
Helonias paniculatus Nutt.
Zigadenus paniculatus (Nutt.) S. Watson [FNA26, HC]
Additional Resources:

PNW Herbaria: Specimen records of Toxicoscordion paniculatum in the Consortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria database.

WA Flora Checklist: Toxicoscordion paniculatum checklist entry.

OregonFlora: Toxicoscordion paniculatum information.

E-Flora BC: Toxicoscordion paniculatum atlas page.

CalPhotos: Toxicoscordion paniculatum photos.

USDA Plants: Toxicoscordion paniculatum information.

85 photographs:
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