Distribution: Widely distributed in forested areas on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to Alberta and Colorado.
Habitat: Moist to dry areas from sea level to mid-elevations in the mountains, occasionally to timberline.
Growth Duration: Perennial
Conservation Status: Not of concern
Giant forest trees up to 90 m. tall, with drooping branches and erect leader.
Bark dark brown, rough, ultimately very thick; branchlets pubescent for several years.
Needles 2-3 cm. long, yellow-green to bluish-green, retained 7-10 years; two white stripes on the underside of the needles, none above.
Staminate cones sessile, 6-10 mm. long, yellow to reddish; ovulate cones ovoid, deciduous as a unit, 4-10 cm. long, pendent, yellowish- to purplish-green when young, becoming reddish-brown, soon deciduous; the bracts long-exerted, 4-7 mm. broad across the 3-lobed tip, the middle lobe much the longest.