Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California, east to the Rocky Mountains and South Dakota.
Habitat: Dry montane forests, rocky balds, coastal bluffs and sand dunes, and sphagnum bogs.
Growth Duration: Perennial
Conservation Status: Not of concern
Small tree 10-30 meters tall; crown rounded and billowy to narrow and straight.
Thin, to 2-2.5 cm thick; reddish brown to gray or black, furrowed or scaly.
Needle-like, 3-6 cm long, in fascicles (groups) of 2 born alternately along stem.
Female cones 3-6 cm long, scales with sharply pointed tip; male pollen cones to 1 cm long, reddish-green.
The only pine in our area with normally 2 needles per fascicle; cones are spine-tipped. Pinus albicaulis can look similar in appearance, but has 5 needles per fascicle, cone scales without spiny tips, and grows at high elevations.