Page author: David Giblin
Lilium columbianum
Columbia lily

Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to northwestern Montana.

Habitat: Prairies, forest edge, forest openings, and meadows from sea level to to the subalpine.

Flowers: May-August

Origin: Native

Growth Duration: Perennial

Conservation Status: Not of concern

Pollination: Bumblebees, moths, hummingbirds


Herbaceous, glabrous perennial from a large, ovoid bulb, the sturdy, unbranched stem 6-12 dm. tall.


Leaves from whorled to nearly all scattered, lanceolate to elliptic-oblanceolate, 4-10 cm. long and up to 3 cm. broad.


Flowers 2-20 in a leafy-bracteate raceme on slightly recurved pedicels; tepals 6, 4-6 cm. long and 8-12 mm broad, yellow-orange to reddish-orange, freely spotted with purple or deep red, strongly recurved; filaments 6, slender, long-exerted, slightly exceeding the style.


Capsule cylindric, 3-4 cm. long.

Accepted Name:
Lilium columbianum Leichtlin
Publication: J. Soc. Centr. Hort. France, sér. 2. 5: 98. 1871.

Synonyms & Misapplications:
Lilium canadense L. var. parviflorum Hook.
Lilium lucidum Kellogg
Lilium parviflorum (Hook.) W.G.Sm.
Additional Resources:

PNW Herbaria: Specimen records of Lilium columbianum in the Consortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria database.

WA Flora Checklist: Lilium columbianum checklist entry.

OregonFlora: Lilium columbianum information.

E-Flora BC: Lilium columbianum atlas page.

CalPhotos: Lilium columbianum photos.

USDA Plants: Lilium columbianum information.

96 photographs:
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