Page authors: Don Knoke, David Giblin
Claytonia rubra
cushion miner's lettuce, red miners lettuce

Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to the Rocky Mountains.

Habitat: Open areas from sea level to middle elevations in the mountains.

Flowers: April-July

Origin: Native

Growth Duration: Annual

Conservation Status: Not of concern


Fleshy annuals, the stems 1-10 cm. tall.


Basal leaves usually in flattened rosettes 0.5-6 cm. wide, the blades strongly reddish, narrowly rhombic to ovate, spatulate or ladle-shaped; cauline leaves opposite, sessile, the blades ovate, distinct or united.


Inflorescence a raceme, subtended by a leaf-like bract 0.5-15 mm. in diameter; flowers 2-5 mm. in diameter; sepals 2, 1.5-2.5 mm. long; petals 5, white to pale pinkish, 2-3 mm. long; stamens opposite the petals.


Capsule 3-ovuled.

Accepted Name:
Claytonia rubra (Howell) Tidestr.
Publication: Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 25: 188. 1925.

Synonyms & Misapplications:
Claytonia parviflora Douglas ex Hook. var. depressa A. Gray
Claytonia perfoliata Donn ex Willd. var. depressa (A. Gray) Poelln.
Claytonia rubra (Howell) Tidestr. ssp. depressa (A. Gray) John M. Mill. & K.L. Chambers [FNA4]
Claytonia rubra (Howell) Tidestr. ssp. rubra [FNA4]
Montia perfoliata (Donn ex Willd.) Howell var. depressa (A. Gray) Jeps.
Montia rubra Howell
Additional Resources:

PNW Herbaria: Specimen records of Claytonia rubra in the Consortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria database

WA Flora Checklist: Claytonia rubra checklist entry

OregonFlora: Claytonia rubra information

E-Flora BC: Claytonia rubra atlas page

CalPhotos: Claytonia rubra photos

59 photographs:
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