Page authors: David Giblin, Don Knoke
Bromus sitchensis var. carinatus
California brome

Distribution: British Columbia south to Mexico, east to Rocky Mountains.

Habitat: Grasslands, meadows, and forest openings from sea level to subalpine.

Flowers: May-August

Origin: Native

Growth Duration: Annual, Biennial, Perennial

Conservation Status: Not of concern

Pollination: Wind


Perennial, the culms 3-10 dm. tall, glabrous to pubescent.


Sheaths closed, usually pubescent; auricles tiny, if any; ligules 1-3 mm. long; blades nearly flat, glabrous or pubescent, 3-12 mm. broad.


Inflorescence a narrow panicle 10-25 cm. long, the branches usually ascending; spikelets 2-3 cm. long, strongly compressed, 5- to 10-flowered; glumes lanceolate-acuminate, keeled, the first 5-9 mm. long, the second nearly twice as long; lemmas keeled, shallowly bifid at the tip, with a straight awn 3-15 mm. long.



Accepted Name:
Bromus sitchensis Trin. var. carinatus (Hook. & Arn.) R.E. Brainerd & Otting
Publication: Phytoneuron 2016-36: 2. 2016.

Synonyms & Misapplications:
Bromus carinatus Hook. & Arn. [HC]
Bromus carinatus Hook. & Arn. var. californicus Shear
Bromus carinatus Hook. & Arn. var. carinatus [HC]
Bromus carinatus Hook. & Arn. var. hookerianus (Thurb.) Shear
Ceratochloa carinata (Hook. & Arn.) Tutin
Additional Resources:

PNW Herbaria: Specimen records of Bromus sitchensis var. carinatus in the Consortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria database

WA Flora Checklist: Bromus sitchensis var. carinatus checklist entry

OregonFlora: Bromus sitchensis var. carinatus information

E-Flora BC: Bromus sitchensis var. carinatus atlas page

CalPhotos: Bromus sitchensis var. carinatus photos

36 photographs:
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