Page authors: Don Knoke, David Giblin
Abies grandis
grand fir

Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Vancouver Island, British Columbia to California, east to Idaho and Montana.

Habitat: Coniferous forests, from sea level to mid-elevations in the mountains.

Cones: May-June

Origin: Native

Growth Duration: Perennial

Conservation Status: Not of concern


A tall, straight tree up to 90 m. tall.


Bark grayish to light brown, smooth to shallowly ridged; young twigs pubescent.


Needles nearly flat, 2-4 cm. long, blunt to notched, spreading horizontally, not concealing the branch, dark green with 2 whitish stripes beneath.


Staminate cones yellowish, pendant and catkin-like, 7-20 mm. long, on the lower side of branches near the middle of the tree or above; ovulate cones only near the top of the tree, single and erect, yellowish-green to green, 6-11 cm. long and 3.5-4 cm. thick, the subtending bracts concealed by the scales.

Accepted Name:
Abies grandis (Douglas ex D. Don) Lindl.
Publication: Penny Cycl. 1: 30. 1833.

Synonyms & Misapplications:
Pinus grandis Douglas ex D. Don
Additional Resources:

PNW Herbaria: Specimen records of Abies grandis in the Consortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria database.

WA Flora Checklist: Abies grandis checklist entry.

OregonFlora: Abies grandis information.

E-Flora BC: Abies grandis atlas page.

CalPhotos: Abies grandis photos.

USDA Plants: Abies grandis information.

54 photographs:
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