Covers mushrooms and other non-lichenized fungi that form multicellular fruiting bodies large enough to be seen with the unaided eye.
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107 species, 2 subspecies and varieties
Show only taxa with photos
Index to genera:Sarcodon
Habitat: Often occurs in moss near western hemlocks.
– hawk-wing, scaly hedgehog, shingled hedgehog, scaly tooth
Habitat: S. imbricatus is commonly found in the conifer forests of the PNW and in either conifer or mixed forests in the rest of North America and much of Europe.
– bitter hedgehog, scaber Hydnum, bitter tooth
Distribution: Common in PNW
Habitat: S. scabrosus occurs in conifer forests in the PNW, especially in second-growth stands of western hemlock and Douglas-fir with a salal understory.
Description: Annual. Resupinate, or reflexed or sessile. Cap when present is white to light brown, drying reddish brown. Hymenium white drying reddish brown. Pores round.
Distribution: North America
Habitat: Forested areas.
Substrate: Found on both conifers and hardwoods.
– scarlet cup, scarlet cup fungus
– pink crown, violet crowncup, violet star cup, crown fungus
Distribution: S. coronaria occurs in spring, mostly in the mountains, often near melting snow, and is a harbinger of morel season. It also occurs in Europe and has been called S. crassa (Santi) Pouzar and S. eximia (Durieu & Léveillé) Maire.
Spores: The spores are broadly ellipsoid (13--22 x 7--10 µm) with blunt ends and usually two large oil drops.
– common porecrust, split-gill
– leopard earthball, small potato
– common earthball, pigskin poison puffball, thick-skinned puffball, golden Scleroderma
– eyelash cup, eyelash pixie cup, common eyelash, eyelash fungus
– stalked orange peel fungus
– Cauliflower mushroom
Distribution: It occurs in northern North America, Europe, and Asia.
Spores: The spores are white and may be produced on both surfaces of the leaf-like branches.
– yellow earthtongue, fairy fan, spatula fungus
– artillery fungus, cannon fungus, sphere thrower
– artillery fungus, cannon fungus, shooting-star, sphere-thrower, sphere thrower
Distribution: North America.
Habitat: Montane forests with fir and spruce, forming under deep snow. Can be found up to timberline.
Substrate: Dead conifers.
Distribution: As far as we are aware, S. humphreyi has been reported only from the west side of the Olympic Peninsula in Washington and the Queen Charlotte Islands in B.C. It probably also occurs in southeast Alaska and coastal Oregon and northern California; whether it occurs farther inland is less certain.
– hairy curtain crust, hairy parchment, hairy Stereum, false turkey-tail
– bleeding conifer crust, bleeding conifer parchment
– Douglas fir cone mushroom
Substrate: Well rotted Douglas fir cones
Spores: small (3--6 x 1.5--3.5 µm) non-amyloid spores
– verdigris roundhead, blue-green Stropharia
– questionable Stropharia
Distribution: Confined to the PNW, including northern California.
Habitat: Primarily in forest habitats on soil and leaf litter.
– luxuriant ringstalk, conifer roundhead, lacerated Stropharia
Distribution: It is widespread in the north temperate and boreal forests of the Northern Hemisphere
Habitat: It sometimes occurs on intact conifer logs, but is most abundant on wood that has been more highly decomposed.
– king Stropharia, wine-cap Stropharia, wine-red Stropharia
– umbonate dung-dwelling Stropharia
– northern pine bolete
Habitat: S. albivelatus occurs in mixed conifer forests and appears to be associated with pines.
– American slippery cap, American slippery jack, chicken-fat Suillus
– short-stemmed bolete, short-stemmed slippery jack, stubby-stalk, short-stalked Suillus
Habitat: It occurs primarily with two-needle pines during late summer and fall
– fat jack, blue-staining Suillus, Douglas-fir Suillus
Habitat: Occurs with Douglas fir
– hollow bolete, hollow-stalked larch bolete, hollow-foot, hollow-stalked tamarack jack, hollow-stemmed tamarack jack, hollow stalk, hollow-stalked larch Suillus
Habitat: associated with larch when it occurs in the PNW.
– granulated bolete, milk bolete, weeping bolete, dotted-stalked slippery jack, granulated slippery jack, dotted-stalk Suillus
– elegant bolete, larch bolete, tamarack jack, larch Suillus
Habitat: Associated with larch.
– Lake's bolete, western painted bolete, matte jack, Lake's slipperycap, western painted Suillus
Habitat: Occurs under Douglas fir.
– rosy bolete, rosy larch bolete
Habitat: Occurs with larch in higher and interior conifer forests, mostly in late spring and summer.
– veiled short-stemmed slippery jack, pine slipperycap
Habitat: S. punctatipes is common in our moist conifer forests in fall, sometimes appearing in substantial numbers with true fir and western hemlock.
– slippery Jill, olive-capped Suillus
– woolly pine bolete, blue-staining slippery jack, poor man's slippery jack, tomentose Suillus, woolly-capped Suillus, woollycap
Distribution: Very common and abundant in the PNW.
Habitat: S. tomentosus occurs primarily under lodgepole and shore pines.
– jellied bolete, slim jack, umbonate slippery jack
Distribution: It is broadly distributed in the Northern Hemisphere.
Habitat: It is rather abundant at times in lodgepole pine forests in late summer and early fall, and in shore pine woodlands in fall, sometimes growing in clusters and lining the edges of moist depressions.
– grayish larch bolete
Habitat: Associated with larch.