Covers mushrooms and other non-lichenized fungi that form multicellular fruiting bodies large enough to be seen with the unaided eye.
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352 species, 5 subspecies and varieties
Show only taxa with photos
Index to genera:Pachycudonia
– mountain-loving Cudonia
– brown hay-cap, haymaker, brown mottlegill, haymaker's mushroom, mower's mushroom, haymaker's Panaeolus
– ringed Anellaria, egghead mottlegill, ringed Panaeolus
– belted Panaeolus
Habitat: Occurs on dung (often of horses) or dung-rich soil in gardens or lawns.
– bitter oysterling, luminescent Panellus
– Japanese umbrella inky, pleated inky-cap, Japanese parasol
Habitat: Grows in grassy areas and among weedy plants along the edges of woodland trails
– inrolled pax, roll-rim, brown rollrim
Habitat: P. involutus occurs in natural forest in our region but is not common there. It is much more common and abundant in parks and landscaped areas, where it is typically associated with birches, often along with Leccinum scabrum and Lactarius plumbeus
– bay cup, red-brown cup, pig's ears
– cellar cup, home cup, domestic cup fungus, domicile cup fungus
Spores: 11--15 x 6--8 µm, ornamented with low warts, and containing two oil drops
– barnyard cup, bladder cup, blistered cup, common dung cup, small dung cup
Spores: smooth, ellipsoid, 18--24 x 9--14 µm
Distribution: P. attenuata is apparently restricted to the Pacific Coast, being most abundant from B.C. to central Oregon and less abundant in southern Oregon and northern California.
Habitat: P. attenuata often occurs in large troops, especially in lower-elevation spruce-rich forests.
Habitat: It is somewhat common in southern B.C., occurring as solitary individuals or groups in old-growth forests with abundant Sitka spruce.
– golden bootleg, gold cup, Alaskan gold, golden false Pholiota
Distribution: Widely distributed
Habitat: Usually found in the north temperate zone in disturbed areas of forests, such as along roadsides.
– dyer's mazegill, dye polypore, dyer's polypore
Habitat: Terrestrial, at the root of living conifers
– laminated root rot
Distribution: Range of Pseudotsuga, Tsuga and Abies. Northern coniferous forests.
Habitat: Northern coniferous forests.
Substrate: Conifer wood.
Distribution: Northern North America, more common east than west.
Habitat: Hardwood forests and woodlands.
Habitat: Forests, on hardwoods, particularly alder and maple.
– willow bracket, false tinder conk, false tinder polypore, flecked-flesh polypore
Distribution: Widespread in North America.
Habitat: On hardwoods.
– black tooth
Distribution: Confined to the Pacific Coast.
Habitat: Common under Sitka spruce.
– zoned cork Hydnum, zoned Phellodon, woolly tooth
Distribution: Common in PNW and occur elsewhere in the northern U.S., Canada, and Europe.
Habitat: Conifer forests
– wrinkled crust, radiating Phlebia
– trembling Merulius, jelly rot, gelatinous woodcrust
Habitat: mainly a fall fungus and occurs on stumps, logs, and woody debris of both hardwoods and conifers
– bitter Pholiota, pinkish-orange Pholiota, conifer scaly-cap
Habitat: Occurs widely in the temperate and boreal areas of the Northern Hemisphere.
– golden Pholiota, golden scaly-cap, golden scalycap
Habitat: Northern temperate and boreal forests
– burnt-ground Pholiota, charcoal scalecap, charcoal scaly-cap
– flaming Pholiota, yellow Pholiota, flaming scaly-cap
– destructive Pholiota, poplar Pholiota
– ground Pholiota, terrestrial Pholiota
– black-leg, black-footed polypore
Habitat: Forests and woodlands.
Substrate: Wood, usually stumps, logs, and branches on the ground. Can be growing from buried wood.
– birch conk, razorstrop fungus, birch polypore
– dead-man's-foot, dyeball, pea-rock, dye-maker's false puffball, dyemaker's puffball
Distribution: Occurring in scattered locations in Washington; Washington to Oregon, and in Montana, but likely also reaching California, Idaho and British Columbia, Canada.
Habitat: Growing among mosses on woody debris of conifers.
– jellylike black urn, black cup fungus
– black snowbank cup fungus
Distribution: Found on conifer (especially hemlock) logs and stumps throughout the PNW, often occurring in large, exquisite, imbricate masses
– veiled oyster mushroom, oak oyster, veiled oyster
Habitat: Temperate forests with a hardwood component.
Substrate: Hardwoods, especially oak and maple.
Spores: Early fall.
Distribution: P. ostreatus is a species complex that has representatives in temperate forests worldwide.
Habitat: Forests with deciduous components.
Substrate: Hardwoods, primarily alder and maple.
Spores: Spring, fall.
Distribution: Montane North America, range of Populus.
Habitat: Montane forests, range of Populus
Substrate: Hardwoods, particularly Populus.
Distribution: Northern hemisphere, coniferous forests.
Habitat: Temperate coniferous forests.
Substrate: Conifer wood.
– smooth fairy cup
Spores: 8--10 µm diameter
– deer-mushroom, fawn mushroom, fawn-colored mushroom, deer shield
Distribution: Grows on a variety of woody substrates, including sawdust and wood chips, and can be found throughout the year when temperature and moisture are conducive. It often is one of the early spring species at lower elevations.
– patrician deer-mushroom
– yellow-stemmed Pluteus, goldleaf shield
– small white deer-mushroom
– black chanterelle, blue chanterelle, blue clustered chanterelle, clustered blue chanterelle
Distribution: Relatively uncommon Western North America, Japan and Korea
Habitat: Old-growth conifer forests
Distribution: Western North America.
Habitat: Higher-elevation coniferous forests.
– hexagonal-pored polypore
– fringed polypore, spring polypore
– black-leg, black-footed polypore
– black-foot, black-footed polypore, elegant polypore
Habitat: hardwood and conifer logs, around stumps, and on the ground from a buried sclerotium or wood.
– pheasant's back polypore, scaly polypore, dryad's saddle
– stone fungus, tuberous polypore, Canadian tuckahoe
– golden spreading polypore
– pine conk, red ring rot
Distribution: Western North America
Habitat: Coniferous forests with Pseudotsuga menziesii.
Habitat: P. pini is widespread in conifer forests where it causes white-rot of heartwood.
– dark bolete, dusky bolete
Distribution: Widespread but not abundant.
Habitat: P. porphyrosporus occurs in coastal and low elevation conifer forests.
– blue cheese polypore
Distribution: Northern hemisphere.
Habitat: Forests and woodlands.
– pale brittlestem, suburban Psathyrella
Habitat: It is found around stumps or in grassy areas in the vicinity of buried roots of hardwood trees.
Habitat: Found in wood chips in landscaped areas and in natural settings under hardwoods such as alder and cottonwood.
– ringed Psathyrella
Habitat: Occurs in mixed forests, often ones containing alder.
– common stump brittlestem, clustered Psathyrella
Distribution: It is common throughout the U.S., including the PNW
– chestnut brittlestem, date-colored Psathyrella
– smooth-capped Psathyrella
Distribution: So far, only found in Washington and Oregon
Spores: smooth ellipsoid spores (15.5--21.5 x 7.5--10.5 µm
– toothed jelly fungus, toothed jelly, white jelly mushroom, jelly false tooth, jelly tooth, toothjelly
Distribution: Fairly common in the PNW
Habitat: Gregarious in swamps and bogs
– baeos, potent psilocybe, knobby tops
Description: Sticky, conical, brown cap with brownish gills and off-white stalk; bruising blue.
Habitat: Scattered to numerous, in wood chips, on decayed wood, and decaying moss.
– meadow muffin mushroom
Description: Sticky, brownish cap with brown gills and yellowish-brown stalk
Habitat: Singled to numerous, on horse or cow dung.
– blueleg brownie, cyans, blue halos, blueing psilocybe, potent psilocybe, wavy-capped psilocybe
Description: Tacky, wavy, brown cap, fading to yellowish, with brownish gills and whitish stalk; bruising blue.
Habitat: Several to many, in coniferous mulch
– blue-haired psilocybe, rhododendron psilocybe
– grass rotting psilocybe
– dung mushroom
Substrate: Horse dung
– mountain brownie, mountain moss psilocybe
Description: Small, dark brown mushroom; in moss.
Distribution: Has been reported from much of the temperate Northern Hemisphere.
Habitat: Common at higher elevations
– conifer psilocybe
Description: Sticky, dark brown, conical cap with brown gills and off-white, hairy stalk.
Distribution: Confined to the Pacific Coast
Habitat: P. pelliculosa typically grows in groups among herbaceous plants in disturbed forest settings. It often can be found along trails or the edges of forest roads.
Substrate: Conifer mulch in woods
Spores: September to November
– liberty-cap, magic mushroom
Description: Slimy, narrowly conical, brown to tan cap with brownish gills and smooth, off-white stalk; in pastures and manured areas.
Habitat: Scattered to numerous, in tall grass and grassy hummocks in cow pastures.
Spores: Late August to November
– Stuntz's blue-legs, blue-ringers, Stuntz's psilocybe
Description: Sticky, brownish cap with brownish gills and brownish, ringed stalk; bruising blue.
Distribution: It is not often found in natural habitats. It is another species apparently confined to the Pacific Coast, particularly the PNW.
Habitat: P. stuntzii occurs frequently in well mulched newly planted lawns, as well as in wood chips and other landscape settings.
Substrate: Coniferous wood-chip mulch
– orange sponge polypore
Distribution: It occurs throughout the western mountains, and also has been reported occasionally from the northeastern U.S. and eastern Canada
Habitat: common high-mountain fungus in spring and summer, fruiting on conifer logs, especially those of spruce, and occasionally on aspen
– cinnabar-red polypore, vermilion polypore