Page authors: Don Knoke, David Giblin
Viola purpurea
purplish violet

Distribution: Occurring chiefly east of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to Rocky Mountains.

Habitat: Open, rocky, fairly dry slopes, moderate to high elevations in the mountains

Flowers: May-August

Origin: Native

Growth Duration: Perennial

Conservation Status: Not of concern

Pollination: Bumblebees, bees, flies


Puberulent perennial from a slender, scaly rhizome, the aerial stems 5-15 mm. long; herbage usually glaucous-green, purplish-veined, often purplish throughout.


Leaf blades rather thick and fleshy, orbicular to lanceolate, cordate to wedge-shaped at the base, sub-entire to wavy-margined or toothed; petioles 2-6 cm. long; stipules lanceolate, entire to few-toothed.


Peduncles shorter than the leaves; flowers 5-12 mm. long, spur very short; petals yellow, brownish-penciled, the lateral pair bearded.


Fruit a 3-valved, puberulent capsule, ovary superior, placentation parietal.

Accepted Name:
Viola purpurea Kellogg
Publication: Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. 1: 56. 1855.

Synonyms & Misapplications:
(none provided)
Additional Resources:

PNW Herbaria: Specimen records of Viola purpurea in the Consortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria database.

WA Flora Checklist: Viola purpurea checklist entry.

OregonFlora: Viola purpurea information.

E-Flora BC: Viola purpurea atlas page.

CalPhotos: Viola purpurea photos.

USDA Plants: Viola purpurea information.

63 photographs:
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