Distribution: Occurring chiefly east of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to Newfoundland, south on the east side of the Cascades to California, east to Arizona.
Habitat: Moist places, especially in meadows and along streams.
Growth Duration: Annual, Perennial
Conservation Status: Not of concern
Pollination: Bumblebees, bees, flies
Glabrous, acaulescent perennial with shallow, fleshy, spreading rhizomes.
Leaf blades deeply ovate-cordate to cordate-triangular, up to 7 cm. in width, with rounded teeth; petioles 5-25 cm. long; stipules linear-lanceolate, entire.
Flowers solitary, 10-20 mm. long, on peduncles usually exceeding the leaves; spur short, saccate; petals 5, bluish-violet, the lower 3 whitish at the base, prominently bearded, the upper pair sometimes not bearded; style glabrous.