Page authors: Don Knoke, David Giblin
Viola arvensis
European field pansy

Distribution: Occurring chiefly west of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east across most of North America to the Atlantic Coast.

Habitat: Fields, roadsides, wastelots, and other disturbed areas where escaping from cultivation.

Flowers: March-June

Origin: Introduced from Europe

Growth Duration: Annual

Conservation Status: Not of concern

Pollination: Bumblebees, bees, flies


Puberulent, freely-branched annual, 1-3 dm. tall.


Leaf blades ovate to lanceolate, coarsely round-toothed, 1-3 cm. long, about equaling the petioles; stipules very large, laciniate into 5-9 segments, usually with one leaf-like segment nearly as large as the main blade.


Flowers long-pedunculate, solitary in the leaf axils, whitish or light yellow with a tinge of blue, the spur short; sepals lanceolate, about as long as the petals; style head copiously short-hairy.


Fruit a 3-valved capsule, ovary superior, placentation parieta

Accepted Name:
Viola arvensis Murray
Publication: Prodr. Stirp. Gott. 73. 1770.

Synonyms & Misapplications:
Viola tricolor L. var. arvensis (Murray) DC.
Additional Resources:

PNW Herbaria: Specimen records of Viola arvensis in the Consortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria database

WA Flora Checklist: Viola arvensis checklist entry

OregonFlora: Viola arvensis information

E-Flora BC: Viola arvensis atlas page

CalPhotos: Viola arvensis photos

17 photographs:
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