Page author: David Giblin
Valeriana columbiana
Wenatchee valerian

Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest, where endemic to the Wenatchee Mountains and adjacent areas.

Habitat: Rocky, open slopes, often on basalt, at mid-elevations in the mountains

Flowers: May-June

Origin: Native

Growth Duration: Perennial

Conservation Status: Not of concern

Pollination: Bees, flies, sawflies


Fibrous-rooted perennial from a stout, branched rhizome, the unbranched stem short-hairy below, 1-5 dm. tall.


Leaves opposite, usually glabrous; basal leaves petiolate, the blades well-defined, broad, without lobes, wavy margined, up to 5.5 cm. long and 3.5 cm. wide; cauline leaves sub-sessile, 1-4 pairs, pinnatifid, with the terminal lobe up to 6 cm. long and 2.5 cm. wide, the 1-2 pairs of lateral lobes usually smaller.


Inflorescence compact, terminal, 3-6 cm. wide; calyx enlarging and spreading, with 11-16 plumose, bristle-like segments; flowers all perfect; corolla united, white, 11-18 mm. long, the 5 lobes about as long as the tube; stamens 3, equaling the corolla lobes; ovary inferior, with two of the three cells vestigial.


Fruit an achene, 5-7 mm. long, glabrous, narrowly lanceolate.

Accepted Name:
Valeriana columbiana Piper
Publication: Bot. Gaz. 22(6): 489-490. 1896.

Synonyms & Misapplications:
(none provided)
Additional Resources:

PNW Herbaria: Specimen records of Valeriana columbiana in the Consortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria database.

WA Flora Checklist: Valeriana columbiana checklist entry.

OregonFlora: Valeriana columbiana information.

E-Flora BC: Valeriana columbiana atlas page.

CalPhotos: Valeriana columbiana photos.

USDA Plants: Valeriana columbiana information.

36 photographs:
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