Page authors: Ben Legler, David Giblin
Trifolium repens
Dutch clover, white clover

Distribution: Widely distributed throughout Washington; Alaska to California, east across North America to the Atlantic Coast.

Habitat: Roadsides, fields, lawns, meadows, wastelots, trailsides, and other disturbed open areas from low elevations to the subalpine.

Flowers: April-September

Origin: Introduced from Europe

Growth Duration: Perennial

Conservation Status: Not of concern

Pollination: Bumblebees, bees, butterflies, flies


Mostly glabrous perennial, the stems 1-6 dm. long, creeping and stolonous to erect.


Leaves trifoliate, long-petiolate; leaflets obovate to obcordate, 1-2 cm. long, finely serrulate; stipules attached around the petiole most of their length, the free portion acuminate.


Inflorescence of many-flowered heads 1.5-2 cm. long and broad, on long, axillary peduncles; flowers pea-like, 5-9 mm. long, white to cream, often pinkish-tinged; pendulous on pedicels 1-5 mm. long; calyx glabrous, half the length of the corolla, the 5 teeth awl-shaped, half the length of the tube; banner erect.


Pod 1-3 seeded.

Accepted Name:
Trifolium repens L.
Publication: Sp. Pl. 2: 767. 1753.

Synonyms & Misapplications:
(none provided)
Additional Resources:

PNW Herbaria: Specimen records of Trifolium repens in the Consortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria database.

WA Flora Checklist: Trifolium repens checklist entry.

OregonFlora: Trifolium repens information.

E-Flora BC: Trifolium repens atlas page.

CalPhotos: Trifolium repens photos.

USDA Plants: Trifolium repens information.

47 photographs:
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