Page authors: Don Knoke, David Giblin
Trifolium arvense
rabbitfoot clover, hare's foot

Distribution: Occurring chiefly west of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to Montana, further eastward across the northern U.S. and southern Great Plains and Canada to eastern North America.

Habitat: Roadsides, fields, wastelots, and other disturbed open areas.

Flowers: May-July

Origin: Introduced

Growth Duration: Annual

Conservation Status: Not of concern

Pollination: Bumblebees, bees, butterflies, flies


Erect, pubescent annual, the 1-several stems 1-4 dm. tall, freely-branched.


Leaves trifoliate, leaflets linear-oblanceolate, 8-25 mm. long; stipules attached to the petioles, extending into narrowly awl-shaped free tips 5-10 mm. long.


Inflorescence of many-flowered heads, 5-25 mm. long and 10-13 mm. thick, axillary as well as terminal on the many branches; flowers 5-6 mm. long; calyx with plumose, appressed, aligned hairs, the 5 teeth bristle-tipped, twice as long as the tube, surpassing the white or pale pink, pea-like corolla; banner only slightly reflexed.


Pod indehiscent, 1-seeded.

Accepted Name:
Trifolium arvense L.
Publication: Sp. Pl. 2: 769. 1753.

Synonyms & Misapplications:
(none provided)
Additional Resources:

PNW Herbaria: Specimen records of Trifolium arvense in the Consortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria database

WA Flora Checklist: Trifolium arvense checklist entry

OregonFlora: Trifolium arvense information

E-Flora BC: Trifolium arvense atlas page

CalPhotos: Trifolium arvense photos

41 photographs:
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