Page authors: Don Knoke, David Giblin
Silene gallica
windmill pink

Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in lowland western Washington; British Columbia to California, east to the Rocky Mountains; also in eastern North America.

Habitat: Weed of disturbed soil and wasteland.

Flowers: May-July

Origin: Introduced from Europe

Growth Duration: Annual

Conservation Status: Not of concern

Pollination: Self-pollination, moths, hummingbirds


Annual, the stems simple or branched, 1-4 dm. tall, conspicuously pubescent with stiff, white hairs, glandular-pubescent above.


Leaves opposite, the few basal leaves oblanceolate to spatulate, broadly petiolate; cauline leaves narrower, 1.5-4 cm. long and 2-8 mm. broad.


Flowers several to numerous in a simple to compound, leafy-bracteate raceme; calyx tubular, 5-lobed, 10-nerved, 6-9 mm. long, inflating in fruit, constricted at the orifice, glandular-pubescent, with stiff hairs up to 2 mm. long; petals 5, whitish to pink, lavender, or deep purple; claw of the petal narrow, 4-6 mm. long, the blade elliptic-obovate, usually entire, slightly twisted, making the corolla look like a pinwheel; blade appendages 2, linear, entire, 1 mm. long; ovary stalk 1 mm. long; stamens 10; styles 3.


Capsule 3-celled.

Accepted Name:
Silene gallica L.
Publication: Sp. Pl. 1: 417. 1753.

Synonyms & Misapplications:
(none provided)
Additional Resources:

PNW Herbaria: Specimen records of Silene gallica in the Consortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria database.

WA Flora Checklist: Silene gallica checklist entry.

OregonFlora: Silene gallica information.

E-Flora BC: Silene gallica atlas page.

CalPhotos: Silene gallica photos.

USDA Plants: Silene gallica information.

9 photographs:
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