Page authors: Don Knoke, David Giblin
Sanicula crassicaulis
Pacific sanicle

Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest and east in the Columbia River Gorge in Washington; British Columbia to California.

Habitat: Meadows, balds, prairies, and open woods from the coast to low elevations in the mountains.

Flowers: April-June

Origin: Native

Growth Duration: Perennial

Conservation Status: Not of concern

Pollination: Bees, flies, moths


Taprooted perennial, the solitary, erect stem 2.5-12 dm. tall.


Basal and lower cauline leaved long-petiolate, the blade 3- to 5-lobed or cleft, 3-13 cm. long and 2-18 cm. broad, the primary segments broad and toothed; middle and upper cauline leaves few and reduced, becoming sessile.


Primary umbels few-rayed and irregular, ultimate umbels small and head-like; involucre of small, leafy bracts, involucel of about 5 bractlets 1-2 mm. long; calyx lobes soft, lanceolate, less than 1 mm. long; flowers yellow.


Fruit sub-globose, 2-5 mm. long and 2-4 mm. wide, covered with stout, recurved prickles.

Accepted Name:
Sanicula crassicaulis Poepp. ex DC.
Publication: Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 4: 84. 1830.

Synonyms & Misapplications:
(none provided)
Additional Resources:

PNW Herbaria: Specimen records of Sanicula crassicaulis in the Consortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria database.

WA Flora Checklist: Sanicula crassicaulis checklist entry.

OregonFlora: Sanicula crassicaulis information.

E-Flora BC: Sanicula crassicaulis atlas page.

CalPhotos: Sanicula crassicaulis photos.

USDA Plants: Sanicula crassicaulis information.

57 photographs:
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