Page authors: Don Knoke, David Giblin
Phoenicaulis cheiranthoides

Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; Washington to California, east to Idaho and Nevada.

Habitat: Shrub-steppe and open ponderosa pine forests.

Flowers: April-June

Origin: Native

Growth Duration: Perennial

Conservation Status: Not of concern

Pollination: Bees, flies, butterflies


Tufted perennial from a thick taproot and branched crown, the flowering stems 5-20 cm. tall, glabrous.


Leaves mostly in thick rosettes, 3-15 cm. long, oblanceolate, entire, the blade narrowed to a slender petiole, grayish with cross-shaped hairs and hairs shaped like tree branches; cauline leaves alternate, sessile, auriculate, narrowly lanceolate, 5-20 mm. long, glabrous or sparsely hairy.


Inflorescence a numerous-flowered raceme; pedicles 5-35 mm. long, spreading; sepals 4, 5-6 mm. long, somewhat gibbous-based, often pink or purplish; petals 4, pinkish to reddish-purple, obovate-oblanceolate, long-clawed, 11-15 mm. long; stamens 6; style 1 mm. long.


Siliques compressed, glabrous, linear-lanceolate to narrowly oblong, tapered at the ends, 2-8 cm. long and 2-6 mm. broad; valves 1-nerved.

Accepted Name:
Phoenicaulis cheiranthoides Nutt.
Publication: Fl. N. Amer. 1: 89. 1838.

Synonyms & Misapplications:
Arabis pedicellata A. Nelson
Parrya cheiranthoides (Nutt.) Jeps.
Phoenicaulis cheiranthoides Nutt. ssp. glabra (Jeps.) Abrams [Abrams]
Phoenicaulis cheiranthoides Nutt. ssp. heiranthoides [Abrams]
Phoenicaulis cheiranthoides Nutt. ssp. lanuginosa (S. Watson) Abrams [Abrams]
Phoenicaulis cheiranthoides Nutt. var. cheiranthoides [VPPNW2]
Phoenicaulis cheiranthoides Nutt. var. lanuginosa (S. Watson) Rollins [VPPNW2]
Phoenicaulis pedicellata (A. Nelson) A. Heller
Additional Resources:

PNW Herbaria: Specimen records of Phoenicaulis cheiranthoides in the Consortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria database.

WA Flora Checklist: Phoenicaulis cheiranthoides checklist entry.

OregonFlora: Phoenicaulis cheiranthoides information.

E-Flora BC: Phoenicaulis cheiranthoides atlas page.

CalPhotos: Phoenicaulis cheiranthoides photos.

USDA Plants: Phoenicaulis cheiranthoides information.

68 photographs:
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