Distribution: Alaska to California, east to New Mexico in the west, and across the northern half of the United States to the Atlantic
Habitat: Common in coniferous woods at moderate to mid-elevationn in the mountains
Flowers: June - August
Growth Duration: Perennial
Conservation Status: Not of concern
Perennial, glabrous herbs, spreading from slender rhizomes, the flowering stems single, 5-15 cm. tall.
Leaves numerous on the lower of the stem, the blades petiolate, ovate to ovate-elliptic, 1.5-6 cm. long, with small, rounded teeth on the margins, rounded at the base, rather thin, clear green.
Flowers 6-20 in one-sided racemes, 5-6 mm. broad; pedicels 3-8 mm. long from linear-lanceolate bracts of equal length; calyx 5-lobed; petals 5, distinct, white, 4-5 mm. long, each with 2 small projections on the base of the inner surface; stamens 10, bent inward, the anthers without awns, inverted, opening by terminal pores without tubes; style 3-4 mm. long, straight, without a collar, stigma 5-lobed; ovary superior.