Page authors: Don Knoke, David Giblin
Monotropa uniflora
one-flower Indian-pipe

Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest, in the Columbia River Gorge, and in the northeastern counties in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to Idaho and Montana, and in all other areas of North America except the southern Rocky Mountain states.

Habitat: In forest understory and on forest edge, often in deep soil, at low to moderate elevations.

Flowers: May-August

Origin: Native

Growth Duration: Perennial

Conservation Status: Not of concern


Myco-heterotrophic plants with a cluster of simple flowering stems, waxy-white, blackening with age, 5-25 cm. tall.


Leaves scale-like, non-green, alternate.


Flower single, terminal, drooping, narrowly bell-shaped, 1.5-2 cm. long; calyx obsolete, but upper stem bracts calyx-like; petals 5, distinct, white, saccate at the base and broadened above, hairy on the inner surface; stamens 10, included, anthers without awns, opening by 2 curving slits; ovary superior.


Capsule sub-globose, about 6 mm. long.

Accepted Name:
Monotropa uniflora L.
Publication: Sp. Pl. 1: 387. 1753.

Synonyms & Misapplications:
Monotropa brittonii Small
Monotropa morisoniana Michx.
Additional Resources:

PNW Herbaria: Specimen records of Monotropa uniflora in the Consortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria database

WA Flora Checklist: Monotropa uniflora checklist entry

OregonFlora: Monotropa uniflora information

E-Flora BC: Monotropa uniflora atlas page

CalPhotos: Monotropa uniflora photos

57 photographs:
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