Page authors: Don Knoke, David Giblin
Hemitomes congestum
coneplant, gnome-plant

Distribution: West of the Cascades in Washington; Vancouver Island and mainland British Columbia south to Monterey County, California.

Habitat: Rich humus in damp coniferous forests at mid-elevations in the mountains.

Flowers: June-August

Origin: Native

Growth Duration: Perennial

Conservation Status: Not of concern


Fleshy myco-heterotrophic plants with clusters of short, simple stems 3-20 cm. tall.


Leaves scale-like, thin, yellowish to brown, without chlorophyll.


Inflorescence a congested, head-like spike; sepals 4, oblong, 12-18 mm. long, pinkish; corolla narrowly bell-shaped, 12-20 mm. long, pinkish, unequally 4-lobed, the lobes fringed with hairs; stamens 8, the filaments hairy; ovary superior, 1-celled; style short; top of stigma yellowish.


Capsule ovoid, hairy.

Accepted Name:
Hemitomes congestum A. Gray
Publication: Pacif. Railr. Rep. 6(3): 80, plate 12. 1858.

Synonyms & Misapplications:
Hemitomes spicatum Greene
Newberrya congesta Torr.
Newberrya longiloba Small
Newberrya spicata A. Gray
Additional Resources:

PNW Herbaria: Specimen records of Hemitomes congestum in the Consortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria database.

WA Flora Checklist: Hemitomes congestum checklist entry.

OregonFlora: Hemitomes congestum information.

E-Flora BC: Hemitomes congestum atlas page.

CalPhotos: Hemitomes congestum photos.

USDA Plants: Hemitomes congestum information.

57 photographs:
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