Gaultheria shallon

Distribution: Occurring chiefly west of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California.

Habitat: Forest understory and edge marine headlands, from sea level to moderate elevation in the mountains.

Flowers: May-July

Origin: Native

Growth Duration: Perennial

Conservation Status: Not of concern


Erect or spreading evergreen shrub to 2 m tall; stems 50-200 cm, younger twigs glandular, older stems becoming glabrous.


Leaves leathery and glabrous, alternate, elliptic to ovate, 5-9 cm long and 3-5 cm broad, finely toothed.


Inflorescence racemose, 5-15 flowers, 5-17 cm long, glandular, white to pinkish bracts; calyx deeply 5-lobed, white to red, reddish-glandular, sepals 3-5 mm; corolla 5-lobed, urn-shaped, white to pinkish, glandular, 7-10 mm; anthers awned, dehiscing by subterminal pores.


Capsule berry-like, surrounded by persistent calyx, globose, fleshy, bluish-black, 6-10 mm in diameter.

Accepted Name:
Gaultheria shallon Pursh
Publication: Fl. Amer. Sept. 1: 283, plate 12. 1813.

Synonyms & Misapplications:
(none provided)
Additional Resources:

PNW Herbaria: Specimen records of Gaultheria shallon in the Consortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria database

WA Flora Checklist: Gaultheria shallon checklist entry

OregonFlora: Gaultheria shallon information

E-Flora BC: Gaultheria shallon atlas page

CalPhotos: Gaultheria shallon photos

53 photographs:
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