Page author: David Giblin
Garrya fremontii
Fremont's silk tassel bearbrush

Distribution: Along the Columbia River in Washington and Oregon; west side of the Cascades in Lane County, Oregon, south and west to the coastal ranges in California.

Habitat: Woodlands and chaparral, low to moderate elevations.

Flowers: January-May

Origin: Native

Growth Duration: Perennial

Conservation Status: Not of concern


Evergreen shrub 1-3 m. tall, the young branches brownish-purple.


Leaves opposite, the lower surface yellow-green, the blades entire, elliptic-ovate to elliptic-oblong, 4-8 cm. long, the petioles 7-14 mm. long.


Plant dioecious; staminate flowers in 1-several axillary racemes, lax and drooping, unbranched, 3-9 cm. long; flowers in 3u00e2u20acu2122s in cup-like bracts, composed of 4 elongate sepals and 4 alternate stamens; pistillate flowers in similar racemes but the bracts densely silky, composed of an inferior ovary, 2 sepals, and 2 spreading styles.


Berry, purple, globose, 5-6 mm. thick.

Accepted Name:
Garrya fremontii Torr.
Publication: Pacif. Railr. Rep. 4(5): 136. 1857.

Synonyms & Misapplications:
Garrya fremontii Torr. var. laxa Eastw.
Additional Resources:

PNW Herbaria: Specimen records of Garrya fremontii in the Consortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria database.

WA Flora Checklist: Garrya fremontii checklist entry.

OregonFlora: Garrya fremontii information.

E-Flora BC: Garrya fremontii atlas page.

CalPhotos: Garrya fremontii photos.

USDA Plants: Garrya fremontii information.

16 photographs:
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