Page authors: Don Knoke, David Giblin
Galium triflorum
fragrant bedstraw, three-flowered bedstraw

Distribution: Widely distributed on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California, east across much of North America.

Habitat: Moist woods, from sea level to moderate elevations in the mountains.

Flowers: June-August

Origin: Native

Growth Duration: Perennial

Conservation Status: Not of concern

Pollination: Ants, bees, flies, butterflies, beetles, wasps


Perennial herbs from creeping rhizomes, the stems 2-8 dm. long, prostrate to ascending or scrambling on other vegetation, usually hooked-scabrous at least below on the edges of the square stem.


Leaves vanilla-scented, usually in whorls of 6, narrowly elliptic to oblanceolate, sharp-pointed, 1.5-4.5 cm. long, 1-nerved, usually with scabrous hairs on the margins and midrib beneath, otherwise glabrous.


Peduncles axillary, elongate, 3-flowered, with divergent pedicels; calyx obsolete; corolla rotate, whitish, 2-3 mm. wide, the 4 lobes much longer than the tube; ovary 2-celled, inferior.


Fruit dry, 1.5-2 mm. long, covered with hooked bristles 0.5-1 mm. long.

Accepted Name:
Galium triflorum Michx.
Publication: Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 80. 1803.

Synonyms & Misapplications:
(none provided)
Additional Resources:

PNW Herbaria: Specimen records of Galium triflorum in the Consortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria database.

WA Flora Checklist: Galium triflorum checklist entry.

OregonFlora: Galium triflorum information.

E-Flora BC: Galium triflorum atlas page.

CalPhotos: Galium triflorum photos.

USDA Plants: Galium triflorum information.

30 photographs:
Group by