Page authors: Don Knoke, David Giblin
Elaeagnus umbellata
autumn olive

Distribution: Occurring in scattered locations on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to Oregon, also in Montana; central and eastern North America.

Habitat: Introduced from eastern Asia as ornamental shrub, occasionally escaping in disturbed areas and waste ground.

Flowers: June-July

Origin: Introduced from eastern Asia

Growth Duration: Perennial

Conservation Status: Not of concern


Deciduous shrub 4-6 m. tall, spreading and often wider than tall, the shoots and leaves with brown and silvery scales.


Leaves alternate, lanceolate to oval, 5-10 cm. long.


Flowers 6-8 mm. long, on pedicles in the leaf axils; calyx tube much longer than it 4 lobes, pale rose within and silvery-scaly outside; petals none; stamens 4; ovary 1-celled.


Drupe globose, 6-8 mm. in diameter, silvery, becoming red.

Accepted Name:
Elaeagnus umbellata Thunb.
Publication: Syst. Veg., ed. 14 (J. A. Murray). 164. [May-Jun 1784]. 1784.

Synonyms & Misapplications:
(none provided)
Additional Resources:

PNW Herbaria: Specimen records of Elaeagnus umbellata in the Consortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria database

WA Flora Checklist: Elaeagnus umbellata checklist entry

OregonFlora: Elaeagnus umbellata information

E-Flora BC: Elaeagnus umbellata atlas page

CalPhotos: Elaeagnus umbellata photos

18 photographs:
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