Page author: David Giblin
Elaeagnus angustifolia

Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east across North America to the Atlantic Coast.

Habitat: Weedy escape, especially in riparian areas; often planted historically as a windbreak.

Flowers: May-July

Origin: Introduced from Eurasia

Growth Duration: Perennial

Conservation Status: Not of concern


Spreading tree 3-8 m. tall, the branches and trunk armed with 2-6 cm. thorns; young bark shiny brown, old bark gray.


Leaves alternate, linear, 3-7 cm. long, covered with minute scales which give the foliage a silvery appearance.


Flowers 1 or more in the leaf axils, perfect, pale yellow; calyx tubular, 4-lobed; petals none; stamens 4, borne near the top of the calyx tube; pistil 1-carpellary, the style short.


Fruit drupe-like, olive-shaped, gray, drying brown.

Accepted Name:
Elaeagnus angustifolia L.
Publication: Sp. Pl. 1: 121. 1753.

Synonyms & Misapplications:
(none provided)
Additional Resources:

PNW Herbaria: Specimen records of Elaeagnus angustifolia in the Consortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria database

WA Flora Checklist: Elaeagnus angustifolia checklist entry

OregonFlora: Elaeagnus angustifolia information

E-Flora BC: Elaeagnus angustifolia atlas page

CalPhotos: Elaeagnus angustifolia photos

48 photographs:
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