Dicentra cucullaria

Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in southeastern Washington and in the Columbia River Gorge; Washington to Oregon, east to Idaho, also widespread in eastern North America.

Habitat: Moist woods and gravelly banks at low elevations.

Flowers: March-May

Origin: Native

Growth Duration: Perennial

Conservation Status: Not of concern

Pollination: Bees, hummingbirds


Scapose, glaucous perennial from a short, erect, fleshy rhizome covered with small, globose tubers, the scapes 2-3.5 dm. tall.


Leaves long-petiolate, nearly equaling the scapes, the blades ternately compounded 3-4 times into linear segments 1.5-3 mm. broad.


Inflorescence of terminal, 3- to 8-flowered racemes on the scapes; sepals 2, ovate, 3 mm. long; petals 4, white or pinkish, the inner 2 petals yellow-tipped, 10 mm. long, with a crest 0.5-1.5 mm. high; outer 2 petals with a curved, saccate spur 7-11 mm. long, the divergent tips 2.5-3.5 mm. long; stamens 6, in two groups of 3; style 1, slender; stigmas 2-lobed.


Capsule spindle-shaped, 12 mm. long.

Accepted Name:
Dicentra cucullaria (L.) Bernh.
Publication: Linnaea. 8: 457, 468. 1833.

Synonyms & Misapplications:
Dicentra cucullaria (L.) Bernh. var. occidentalis (Rydb.) M. Peck
Dicentra occidentalis (Rydb.) Fedde
Fumaria cucullaria L.
Additional Resources:

PNW Herbaria: Specimen records of Dicentra cucullaria in the Consortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria database.

WA Flora Checklist: Dicentra cucullaria checklist entry.

OregonFlora: Dicentra cucullaria information.

E-Flora BC: Dicentra cucullaria atlas page.

CalPhotos: Dicentra cucullaria photos.

USDA Plants: Dicentra cucullaria information.

29 photographs:
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