Page authors: Don Knoke, David Giblin
Corallorhiza maculata
spotted coralroot

Distribution: Widely distributed on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to the Rocky Mountains, east across southern Canada to the Great Lakes region and eastern North America.

Habitat: Moist to rather dry woods, low to mid-elevations in the mountains.

Flowers: May-August

Origin: Native

Growth Duration: Perennial

Conservation Status: Not of concern


Myco-heterotrophic plants, scapose, perennial herbs, the stems 2-4 dm. tall, usually purplish-brown, but occasionally light yellow.


No true, green leaves; scape with several sheathing bracts.


Flowers 10-30 on short pedicles in a raceme; sepals 3, mostly reddish-purple, narrowly oblong-lanceolate to oblanceolate, 8-10 mm. long, 3-nerved; 2 small petals shorter than the sepals, pinkish with wine-red spotting; third petal (lip) white, strongly spotted with wine-red, with 2 prominent, lateral lobes below mid-length; main central lobe obovate, wavy-margined, up to 5 mm. broad; stamens and style fused to form a stout column 3.5-4.5 mm. long.


Capsule pendant, ovoid, 1.5-2 cm long.

Accepted Name:
Corallorhiza maculata (Raf.) Raf.
Publication: Amer. Monthly Mag. & Crit. Rev. 2: 119. 1817.

Synonyms & Misapplications:
Cladorhiza maculata Raf.
Additional Resources:

PNW Herbaria: Specimen records of Corallorhiza maculata in the Consortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria database.

WA Flora Checklist: Corallorhiza maculata checklist entry.

OregonFlora: Corallorhiza maculata information.

E-Flora BC: Corallorhiza maculata atlas page.

CalPhotos: Corallorhiza maculata photos.

USDA Plants: Corallorhiza maculata information.

99 photographs:
Group by