Page authors: Don Knoke, David Giblin
Chimaphila umbellata
common Pipsissewa, prince's-pine

Distribution: Widely distributed on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California, east to the Rocky Mountains, northern Great Plains, Great Lakes region, and eastern North America.

Habitat: Wooded areas, mostly coniferous forest, low to middle elevations in the mountains.

Flowers: June-August

Origin: Native

Growth Duration: Perennial

Conservation Status: Not of concern


Low semi-shrubs from slender rhizomes, the stems only slightly woody, 1-3 dm. tall.


Leaves in whorls on the stem, oblanceolate, tapered to narrow, acute bases, the blades 3-7 cm. long and 0.5-2.5 cm. broad, sharply serrate, leathery, evergreen; petioles 3-7 mm. long.


Flowers 5-15 in a short raceme, the peduncles 5-10 cm. long, the pedicels usually puberulent and glandular; sepals 5, nearly distinct, denticulate; petals 5, distinct, 5-7 mm. long, rose to pinkish, spreading, concave, nearly orbicular; stamens 10, the swollen bases of the filaments with a few marginal hairs but not generally hairy.


Capsule 5-celled.

Accepted Name:
Chimaphila umbellata (L.) W.P.C. Barton
Publication: Veg. Mater. Med. U.S. 1: 17. 1817.

Synonyms & Misapplications:
Pyrola umbellata L.
Additional Resources:

PNW Herbaria: Specimen records of Chimaphila umbellata in the Consortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria database

WA Flora Checklist: Chimaphila umbellata checklist entry

OregonFlora: Chimaphila umbellata information

E-Flora BC: Chimaphila umbellata atlas page

CalPhotos: Chimaphila umbellata photos

70 photographs:
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