Page authors: Don Knoke, David Giblin
Celtis reticulata
netleaf hackberry

Distribution: Primarily along the Columbia River and Snake River in Washington; Washington south to California, east through Southern Rockies to Kansas, Oklahoma and Texas.

Habitat: Open slopes and rocky bluffs.

Flowers: April-May

Origin: Native

Growth Duration: Perennial

Conservation Status: Not of concern


Shrub or small tree 4-10 m. tall, the older bark reddish-gray, the young twigs pubescent.


Leaves alternate, short-petiolate, the blades obliquely ovate, acuminate, 3-10 cm. long, serrate, scabrous on both surfaces, but paler and net-veined beneath.


Flowers clustered on short shoots of the current season, the lower ones staminate, several per axil; perianth 5-lobed; stamens 5, opposite the lobes, exerted; upward on the same shoot the flowers perfect, and also a few pistillate, 1-2 per axil; perfect and pistillate flowers with a 5-lobed perianth; pedicles 3-15 mm. long; perianth about 3 mm. long; styles 2, spreading.


Drupe reddish-brown to purple, ellipsoid-globose, 6-8 mm. long, the pulp thin.

Accepted Name:
Celtis reticulata Torr.
Publication: Ann. Lyceum Nat. Hist. New York. 2: 247. 1828.

Synonyms & Misapplications:
Celtis douglasii Planch.
Celtis laevigata Willd. var. reticulata (Torr.) L.D. Benson [KZ99]
Celtis occidentalis L. var. reticulata (Torr.) Sarg.
Additional Resources:

PNW Herbaria: Specimen records of Celtis reticulata in the Consortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria database.

WA Flora Checklist: Celtis reticulata checklist entry.

OregonFlora: Celtis reticulata information.

E-Flora BC: Celtis reticulata atlas page.

CalPhotos: Celtis reticulata photos.

USDA Plants: Celtis reticulata information.

25 photographs:
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