Page authors: Don Knoke, David Giblin
Campanula rotundifolia
bluebell bellflower, Scotch bellflower, bluebell-of-scotland

Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington Alaska to California, east across NorthAmerica to the Atlantic Coast; circumboreal.

Habitat: Open, rocky areas from low elevations to the alpine.

Flowers: May-September

Origin: Native

Growth Duration: Perennial

Conservation Status: Not of concern

Pollination: Generalist


Perennial herbs with a branched system of rhizomes arising from a taproot, the stems 1-8 dm. tall, usually glabrous.


Basal leaves long-petiolate, the blades highly variable, from broadly ovate to cordate-rotund or oblanceolate, entire or toothed, up to 2 cm. long; cauline leaves alternate, fairly numerous, broadly linear, 1.5-8 cm. long.


Flowers several in a lax raceme, erect or nodding on long pedicels; calyx lobes 5, 4-12 mm. long, entire; corolla bell-shaped, blue, 1.5-3 cm. long, the 5 lobes much shorter than the tube; stamens 5, free from the corolla; style nearly equaling the corolla; ovary inferior.


Capsule 3-celled, nodding, broadly obconic, 4-8 mm. long.

Accepted Name:
Campanula rotundifolia L.
Publication: Sp. Pl. 1: 163. 1753.

Synonyms & Misapplications:
(none provided)
Additional Resources:

PNW Herbaria: Specimen records of Campanula rotundifolia in the Consortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria database.

WA Flora Checklist: Campanula rotundifolia checklist entry.

OregonFlora: Campanula rotundifolia information.

E-Flora BC: Campanula rotundifolia atlas page.

CalPhotos: Campanula rotundifolia photos.

USDA Plants: Campanula rotundifolia information.

77 photographs:
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