Asplenium viride
green spleenwort

Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California, east across northern North America to New England and the Canadian Maritimes; circumboreal.

Habitat: Cliff crevices, especially on limestone, often near or above timberline.

Origin: Native

Growth Duration: Perennial

Conservation Status: Not of concern


Perennial from fibrous roots not proliferous; stems short-creeping to ascending, often branched; scales completely blackish to dark reddish brown, narrowly deltate, 2-4 mm long and 0.2-0.4 mm broad, margins entire or undulate or widely spaced shallow teeth.


Leaves monomorphic; petiole reddish brown at base and green distally, somewhat shiny, 1-5 cm, 1/4 to 1/2 length of blade, covered with dark reddish brown to black narrowly deltate scales transitioning into glandular hairs; blade linear, 1-pinnate, 2-13 cm long and 0.6-1.2 cm broad, thin, sparsely covered with minute hairs or not, base tapering slightly or truncate, apex acute, not rooting; rachis completely green and dull, mostly glabrous; pinnae in 6-21 pairs, deltate to rhombic, medial pinnae 5-6 mm long and 4-5 mm broad, base obtuse and frequently inequilateral, distal margins crenate, apex rounded to acute.


Sori in 2-4 pairs per pinna; spores 64 per sporangium.

Accepted Name:
Asplenium viride Huds.
Publication: Fl. Angl. (Hudson) 385. 1762.

Synonyms & Misapplications:
Asplenium trichomanes-ramosum L. [FNA2]
Additional Resources:

PNW Herbaria: Specimen records of Asplenium viride in the Consortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria database

WA Flora Checklist: Asplenium viride checklist entry

OregonFlora: Asplenium viride information

E-Flora BC: Asplenium viride atlas page

CalPhotos: Asplenium viride photos

14 photographs:
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