Page authors: Don Knoke, David Giblin
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
red bearberry, kinnikinnick

Distribution: Widely distributed on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California east to the Rocky Mountains, also further east across the northern U.S. and Canada to the Atlantic Coast; circumboreal.

Habitat: Coastal bluffs and prairies, rocky balds, dry subalpine meadows, and dry coniferous forest openings.

Flowers: April-June

Origin: Native

Growth Duration: Perennial

Conservation Status: Not of concern

Pollination: Bumblebees, bees, flies, butterflies, wasps, hummingbirds


Shrub; stems trailing across ground, less than 2 dm tall.


Alternate, 1-3 cm long, dark green, leathery, rounded at tip.


Light pink urn-shaped flowers in small clusters near tips of stems.


Bright red round berries 7-10 mm in diameter.

Identification Notes:

Low spreading shrub; leaves rounded at tip and about 2 cm. long; berries red rather than brown. Compare to A. nevadensis.

Accepted Name:
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (L.) Spreng.
Publication: Syst. Veg. 2: 287. 1825.

Synonyms & Misapplications:
Arbutus uva-ursi L.
Additional Resources:

PNW Herbaria: Specimen records of Arctostaphylos uva-ursi in the Consortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria database

WA Flora Checklist: Arctostaphylos uva-ursi checklist entry

OregonFlora: Arctostaphylos uva-ursi information

E-Flora BC: Arctostaphylos uva-ursi atlas page

CalPhotos: Arctostaphylos uva-ursi photos

76 photographs:
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