Page authors: Don Knoke, David Giblin
Arbutus menziesii
Pacific madrona, Pacific madrone

Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest and in the Columbia River Gorge in Washington; British Columbia to California.

Habitat: Chiefly in drier, often rocky areas at low elevations.

Flowers: April-June

Origin: Native

Growth Duration: Perennial

Conservation Status: Not of concern

Pollination: Bumblebees, bees, flies, hummingbirds


Trees to 30 m. tall, the bark smooth and chartreuse when young, aging to dark brownish-red.


Leaves alternate, evergreen, smooth, shiny, ovate-oblong to elliptic, glabrous, serrate to entire, 7-15 cm. long.


Flowers in large, terminal, compound racemes; flowers white, 6-7 mm. long, the corolla 5-lobed, urn-shaped; stamens 10, included in and borne on the corolla; anthers with two short, reflexed awns, opening by 2 slit-like pores; ovary superior,


Fruit an orange to red berry, globose, 1 cm. in diameter, covered with small projections.

Accepted Name:
Arbutus menziesii Pursh
Publication: Fl. Amer. Sept. 1: 282. 1813.

Synonyms & Misapplications:
Arbutus procera Douglas ex Lindl.
Additional Resources:

PNW Herbaria: Specimen records of Arbutus menziesii in the Consortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria database

WA Flora Checklist: Arbutus menziesii checklist entry

OregonFlora: Arbutus menziesii information

E-Flora BC: Arbutus menziesii atlas page

CalPhotos: Arbutus menziesii photos

46 photographs:
Group by