Aquilegia vulgaris
European Columbine

Distribution: Introduced as a garden flower, occasionally escaping.

Habitat: Disturbed soil near gardens.

Flowers: May-July

Origin: Introduced

Growth Duration: Perennial

Conservation Status: Not of concern

Pollination: Bees


Herbaceous perennial, the stem tall and branching.


Leaves mostly basal, reduced upward; leaf blades triternate, dull green, the leaflets with rounded lobes.


Flowers few, large; nodding; sepals 5, petal-like, oblong-lanceolate, slightly drooping, usually violet, but occasionally white or pink, especially in escapes; petals 5, usually violet, the spur strongly hooked; stamens numerous.


Follicles 5.

Accepted Name:
Aquilegia vulgaris L.
Publication: Sp. Pl. 1: 533. 1753. 1753.

Synonyms & Misapplications:
(none provided)
Additional Resources:

PNW Herbaria: Specimen records of Aquilegia vulgaris in the Consortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria database.

WA Flora Checklist: Aquilegia vulgaris checklist entry.

OregonFlora: Aquilegia vulgaris information.

E-Flora BC: Aquilegia vulgaris atlas page.

CalPhotos: Aquilegia vulgaris photos.

USDA Plants: Aquilegia vulgaris information.

8 photographs:
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