Distribution: Occurring chiefly east of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to the Great Plains, also in eastern North America.
Habitat: Roadsides, fields, meadows, grassy slopes, ponderosa pine forest openings, and other open areas from sagebrush desert into the mountains, often associated with some type of disturbance .
Growth Duration: Annual
Conservation Status: Not of concern
Pollination: Bumblebees, bees, butterflies, flies
Bristly-hairy annual from a taproot, the simple or few-branched stem 1-6 dm. tall.
Leaves alternate, entire, stiff-hairy, linear to linear-oblong, up to 10 cm. long and 1.5 cm. wide, often crowded at the base.
Inflorescence a coiled false-raceme; sepals 5, free, hairy, 6-10 mm. long; corolla regular, 5-lobed, yellow-orange with vermillion marks in the throat, 6-10 mm. long, with hairy appendages at the top of the tube obstructing the throat, the limb 3-6 mm. wide; stamens 5.
Fruit of 4 nutlets, 2.5-3 mm. long, greenish to dark brown.