Page author: David Giblin
Achlys triphylla
deer's-foot, vanilla leaf

Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California.

Habitat: Moist areas in deep woods to forest openings.

Flowers: April-July

Origin: Native

Growth Duration: Perennial

Conservation Status: Not of concern


Glabrous, scapose, perennial herbs, spreading widely by rhizomes, the scapes 2-4 dm. tall.


Leaves with petioles 1-3 dm. long attached to the rhizome, the blades 5-20 cm. broad, trifoliate, the segments fan-shaped, coarsely wavy-dentate.


Flowers inconspicuous, numerous in terminal, pedunculate, bractless spikes; calyx and corolla lacking; stamens about 10, the filaments narrow below and broadened above; style lacking; stigma broad, lateral.


Fruits reddish-purple, 3-4 mm. long, puberulent, the ventral side concave with a prominent ridge, the dorsal surface strongly convex.

Accepted Name:
Achlys triphylla (Sm.) DC.
Publication: Syst. Nat. 2: 35. 1821.

Synonyms & Misapplications:
Leontice triphylla Sm.
Additional Resources:

PNW Herbaria: Specimen records of Achlys triphylla in the Consortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria database.

WA Flora Checklist: Achlys triphylla checklist entry.

OregonFlora: Achlys triphylla information.

E-Flora BC: Achlys triphylla atlas page.

CalPhotos: Achlys triphylla photos.

USDA Plants: Achlys triphylla information.

54 photographs:
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