Campanulaceae
Bellflower Family
9 genera
22 species
1 subspecies and varieties
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Campanula glomerataclustered bellflower
Distribution: Occurring in scattered locations east of the Cascades crest in Washington; southwestern British Columbia, central Washington, and western Montana.
Habitat: Roadsides, fields, ditches, wastelots, and other disturbed, open areas.
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia
Flowers: June-July
Growth Duration: Perennial
Campanula lasiocarpaAlaska bellflower, Alaska harebell
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in central Washington; Alaska to Washington, east to Northwest Territories and Alberta.
Habitat: Subalpine and alpine rock crevices and heathlands.
Origin: Native
Flowers: July-August
Growth Duration: Perennial
Campanula mediumCanterbury bells
Distribution: Scattered on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, and in Montana; also in eastern North America.
Habitat: Open, disturbed areas at low to moderate elevations.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: May-July
Campanula parryiParry's bellflower, Parry's harebell
Distribution: Occurring in the Cascades Range and Olympic Mountains in Washington, where disjunct; central Idaho and adjacent Montana south in Rocky Mountains to Arizona and New Mexico.
Habitat: In subalpine and alpine areas.
Origin: Native
Flowers: July-August
Growth Duration: Perennial
var. idahoensis – Parry's harebell
Campanula persicifoliapeach-leaf bellflower
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to Oregon and Utah, also in eastern North America.
Habitat: Escaping from cultivation; occurring in moderately moist, disturbed soil.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: May-August
Growth Duration: Perennial
Campanula piperiOlympic bellflower
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in the Olympic Mountains of Washington, where endemic.
Habitat: Open, rocky areas at high elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-September
Growth Duration: Perennial
Campanula rapunculoidescreeping bellflower, rover harebell
Distribution: Occurring chiefly west of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to Oregon, east across much of North America to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Fields, roadsides, wastelots, and other disturbed areas.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: June-August
Growth Duration: Perennial
Campanula rotundifoliabluebell bellflower, Scotch bellflower, bluebell-of-scotland
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington Alaska to California, east across NorthAmerica to the Atlantic Coast; circumboreal.
Habitat: Open, rocky areas from low elevations to the alpine.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-September
Growth Duration: Perennial
Campanula scabrellarough bellflower, rough harebell
Distribution: Occurring chiefly east of the Cascades crest in Washington; disjunct in Washington and California from core distribution in Idaho and Montana.
Habitat: Open, rocky areas at high elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Growth Duration: Perennial
Campanula scouleripale bellflower
Distribution: Occurring chiefly west of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California.
Habitat: Lowland to montane, dry to mesic forest openings and rocky outcroppings.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Growth Duration: Perennial
Downingia eleganscommon downingia
Distribution: Occurring chiefly east of the Cascades crest in Washington, British Columbia to California, east to Idaho and Nevada.
Habitat: Vernal pools, wet meadows, margins of ponds.
Origin: Native
Flowers: July-August
Growth Duration: Annual
Downingia pulcherrimashowy downingia
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest and in the Columbia River Gorge in Washington; central Washington to northern California.
Habitat: Edge of lakes, ponds, vernal pools, and ditches.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-June
Growth Duration: Annual
Downingia willamettensisWillamette downingia
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Washington to California.
Habitat: Marshes, wet meadows and edges of ponds.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-August
Growth Duration: Annual
Githopsis specularioidescommon bluecup
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California.
Habitat: Dry, open places in the valleys and foothills.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-June
Growth Duration: Annual
Heterocodon rarifloruswestern pearlflower
Distribution: Occurring chiefly east of the Cascades crest in Washington; southern British Columbia south to California, east to Idaho and Nevada.
Habitat: Moist, open places in the foothills and valleys to moderate elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Growth Duration: Annual
Howellia aquatiliswater Howellwort
Distribution: Occurring chiefly west of the Cascades crest in Washington; Washington to California, east to Idaho and Montana.
Habitat: In ponds and lakes.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Growth Duration: Annual
Jasione montanamountain sheep's bit
Distribution: Occurring in the west end of the Columbia River Gorge in Washington; southwestern Washington and adjacent Oregon.
Habitat: Fields, roadsides, and other disturbed, open areas at low elevatons.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: May-July
Growth Duration: Perennial
Lobelia dortmannawater lobelia
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to Oregon; circumboreal.
Habitat: In shallow water at the margins of ponds and lakes.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Growth Duration: Perennial
Lobelia erinustrailing lobelia
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to Oregon.
Habitat: Fields, roadside, wastelots, and other disturbed areas, where escaping from cultivation.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: May-September
Growth Duration: Annual
Lobelia kalmiibrook lobelia, Kalm's lobelia
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to Washington, east to the northern Great Plains, Great Lakes region, and Atlantic coast.
Habitat: Bogs, ponds and lakeshores, and seeps.
Origin: Native
Flowers: July-August
Growth Duration: Perennial
Phyteuma scorzonerifoliumscorzonera-leaved rampion
Distribution: Known in Washington from a single population in King County, WA.
Habitat: Disturbed areas.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: July-August
Growth Duration: Perennial
Triodanis perfoliataclasping-leaf Venus'-looking-glass
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east across most of North America to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Various habitats, from the valleys and plains to moderate elevations in the moutains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-August
Growth Duration: Annual