Amaranthaceae
Amaranth Family, Goosefoot Family
Synonyms:
Chenopodiaceae [FNA4, HC]
19 genera
63 species
11 subspecies and varieties
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Amaranthus albuswhite pigweed, tumbleweed
Distribution: Occurring chiefly east of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east across much of North America to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Dry, disturbed areas.
Origin: Introduced from tropical America
Flowers: June-September
Growth Duration: Annual
Amaranthus blitoidesmatweed, prostrate pigweed
Distribution: Occurring chiefly east of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California, east across North America to the Atlantic Coast; cosmopolitan.
Habitat: Dry, disturbed areas
Origin: Introduced from central United States
Flowers: June - September
Growth Duration: Annual
Amaranthus blitumlivid amaranth, pale amaranth
Distribution: Occurring chiefly west of the Cascades crest in Washington; southern British Columbia to California; also in the southeastern U.S. and eastern North America.
Habitat: Fields, roadsides, wastelots and other disturbed areas.
Origin: Introduced from the tropics
Flowers: May-July
Growth Duration: Annual
Amaranthus californicusCalifornia amaranth
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; eastern Washington to California, east to the Rocky Mountains and Great Plains.
Habitat: Moist, often alkaline flats, lakeshores, and vernal pools.
Origin: Native
Flowers: July-October
Growth Duration: Annual
Amaranthus deflexusArgentina amaranth
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washingotn, where known only from Whitman County; Washington to California; also in eastern North America.
Habitat: Open, disturbed areas.
Origin: Introduced from South America
Flowers: July-September
Growth Duration: Annual
Amaranthus hybridusgreen amaranth, hybrid amaranth, smooth amaranth, green pigweed, smooth pigweed
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Fields, roadsides, wastelots, and other disturbed areas.
Origin: Introduced from eastern North America
Flowers: July-October
Growth Duration: Annual
Amaranthus powelliigreen amaranth, Powell's amaranth
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east across North America to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Fields, roadsides, wastelots, and other disturbed areas.
Origin: Introduced from the southwestern United States and Mexico
Flowers: July-October
Growth Duration: Annual
Amaranthus retroflexusredroot pigweed, rough pigweed
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California, east across North America to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Fields, roadsides, wastelots, and other disturbed areas.
Origin: Introduced from eastern and central North America
Flowers: July-October
Growth Duration: Annual
Atriplex argenteasilver orache, silverscale orache
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; central British Columbia to California, east to the Great Plains.
Habitat: Dry or alkaline soil.
Origin: Native
Flowers: July-September
Growth Duration: Annual, Perennial
var. argentea – silver saltbush, silverscale
Atriplex canescensfourwing saltbush, hoary saltbush, shadscale, wingscale
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; Washington to California, east to the Great Plains.
Habitat: Sand or gravel slopes and sagebrush flats, saline or not.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Growth Duration: Perennial
var. canescens – hoary saltbush
Atriplex dioicathickleaf orache, saline saltbush
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington, but particularly common along the inner and outer marine coast; Yukon Territory to California, east to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Salt marshes, sea beaches and headlands, also inland on disturbed or saline ground;
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-September
Growth Duration: Annual
Atriplex gardneriGardner's saltbush
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to the Rocky Mountains and northern Great Plains.
Habitat: Sagebrush-steppe desert.
Origin: Native
Flowers: July-September
Growth Duration: Perennial
var. falcata – moundscale, gardner's saltbush, sickle saltbush, saltsage
Atriplex gmeliniiGmelin's orache, Gmelin's saltbush
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest along the coast in Washington; Alaska to California.
Habitat: On coastal beaches, strands, and rocky outcroppings near the high tide in saline soil.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-September
Growth Duration: Annual
var. gmelinii – Gmelin's orache, Gmelin's saltbush
Atriplex heterospermaorach, Russian atriplex orach
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to the Rocky Mountains and Great Plains; also in eastern North America.
Habitat: Riparian zones and adjacent fields; tolerant of alkaline.
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia
Flowers: June-August
Growth Duration: Annual
Atriplex hortensisgarden orache, French spinach
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California, east to the Great Plains and in scattered locations in eastern North America.
Habitat: Disturbed areas, often where seasonally moist.
Origin: Introduced from Asia
Flowers: July-August
Growth Duration: Annual
Atriplex littoralisgrassleaf orache, narrow-leaved orache
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in Washington; also occurring in eastern North America.
Habitat: Coastal shoreline.
Origin: Introduced from Eurasian
Flowers: June-September
Growth Duration: Annual, Perennial
Atriplex longipeslong-stalked orache, Baltic saltbush
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in northwestern Washington; southwestern British Columbia to northwestern Washington.
Habitat: Marine gravel, mudflats.
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia
Flowers: June-September
Growth Duration: Annual
Atriplex oblongifoliaoblongleaf orache
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; southern British Columbia to Washington, east to Alberta and Montana.
Habitat: Fields, roadsides, wastelots, and other disturbed areas.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: June-September
Growth Duration: Annual
Atriplex patulahalberdleaf orache, spear oracle
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California, east across North America to the Atlantic.
Habitat: Coastal and inland, saline or alkaline soil.
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia
Flowers: June-September
Growth Duration: Annual
Atriplex prostratafat hen, hastate orache, thin-leaf orache
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, in scattered location across Canada and the U.S. to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Along the coast in saline soils, beaches, and strands; inland in alkaline soils.
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia
Flowers: June-September
Growth Duration: Annual
Atriplex roseared orach, tumbling orach
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to the Rocky Mountains and Great Plains; also in scattered locations in central and eastern U.S.
Habitat: Weedy species of irrigated land and roadsides.
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia
Flowers: July-September
Growth Duration: Annual
Atriplex truncatawedge orache, wedgeleaf orache, wedgescale orache
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; central British Columbia to California, east to the Rocky Mountains and northern Great Plains.
Habitat: Alkaline soil, flats and shores.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Growth Duration: Annual
Bassia hyssopifoliafive-hook bassia, five-hook smotherweed
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to the Rocky Mountains and Great Plains.
Habitat: Fields, roadsides, wastelots, and other disturbed habitats.
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia
Flowers: July-September
Growth Duration: Annual
Bassia scopariared belvedere, mock cypress, summer cypress
Distribution: Occurring chiefly east of the Cascades in Washington; British Columbia to California, east across U.S. and Canada to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Roadsides, fields, wastelots, and other dry, distrubed, open areas at low to middle elevations.
Origin: Introduced from eastern Europe and southestern Asia
Flowers: July-September
Growth Duration: Annual
Blitum capitatumstrawberry blite, Indian ink, Indian paint
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California, east to the Atlantic Coast primarily in the northern half of North America.
Habitat: Open areas at low to middle elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Growth Duration: Annual
Blitum hastatumIndian ink , Indian-paint, strawberry-blight
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in north-central and northeastern Washington; Alaska to California, east to the Rocky Mountains, and east across Canada to the Great Lakes region and eastern North America.
Habitat: Moist to dry soil, sandy or grassy meadows, thickets, open woods, old fields of clearings in forest.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Growth Duration: Annual
Blitum nuttallianumNuttall's povertyweed
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California, east to the Great Plains.
Habitat: Dry to moist, saline or alkaline soil, from the desert plains to middle elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Growth Duration: Annual
Blitum spathulatumprostrate monolepis
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington, where disjunct in Okanogan County; central Oregon to Baja California, east to Nevada
Habitat: Desert regions, often where alkaline or saline.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Growth Duration: Annual
Blitum virgatumleafy goosefoot
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; Washington to California, east across the U.S. in scattered locations to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Fields, roadsides, wastelots, and other disturbed areas.
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia
Flowers: June-September
Growth Duration: Annual
Chenopodiastrum muralenettleleaf goosefoot, wall goosefoot, sowbane
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to the southern Rocky Mountains; central North America east to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Fields, roadsides, wastelots, and other disturbed areas.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: May-August
Growth Duration: Annual
Chenopodiastrum simplexgiant goosefoot, maple leaf goosefoot
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to Nevada, east across much of North America to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Fields, forest edge, roadsides, wastelots, and other disturbed areas.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-September
Growth Duration: Annual
Chenopodium albumlambsquarters, pigweed
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California, east across North America to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Fields, roadsides, forest edge, wastelots, and other disturbed areas.
Origin: Introduced from Europe, but some populations in the Midwest may be native to North America, according to FNA
Flowers: June-September
Growth Duration: Annual
Chenopodium atrovirenspinyon goosefoot
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to the Rocky Mountains.
Habitat: Sagebrush desert and open, often moist, sometimes disturbed sites at middle elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-September
Growth Duration: Annual
Chenopodium berlandieriBerlandieri's goosefoot
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California, east across North America to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Roadsides, fields, riparian zones, wastelots, and other open areas at low to middle elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: August-October
Growth Duration: Annual
var. zschackei – pitseed goosefoot
Chenopodium fremontiiFremont's goosefoot
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to the Great Plains.
Habitat: Sagebrush desert to low montane forest.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-September
Growth Duration: Annual
Chenopodium leptophyllumnarrowleaf goosefoot
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to Baja California, east to the Rocky Mountains and Great Plains.
Habitat: Sagebrush desert and dry grasslands.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-August
Growth Duration: Annual
Chenopodium pratericoladesert goosefoot, narrowleaf goosefoot
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; Yukon Territory to California, east to the Great Plains, Great Lakes region, and eastern U.S.
Habitat: Sagebrush desert and grasslands.
Origin: Native
Flowers: July-September
Growth Duration: Annual
Chenopodium strictumwhite goosefoot
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California, east across much of North America to the Atlantic Coast..
Habitat: Fields, roadsides, wastelots, and other disturbed areas.
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia
Flowers: July-September
Growth Duration: Annual
Chenopodium subglabrumsmooth goosefoot
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; scattered in western North America and the Great Plains.
Habitat: Sagebrush desert and grasslands.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-August
Growth Duration: Annual
Corispermum americanumAmerican bugseed
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; southern British Columbia to California, east to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Sandy, open sites, including shorelines, fields and disturbed areas, from low to middle elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: July-September
Growth Duration: Annual
var. americanum – American bugseed
Corispermum hookeriHooker's bugseed
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; southeastern British Columbia to north-central Washington, east across Canada to Ontario.
Habitat: Sand dunes and sandy shores.
Origin: Native
Flowers: August-October
Growth Duration: Annual
var. pseudodeclinatum – Hooker's bugseed
Corispermum pacificumPacific bugseed
Distribution: Occurring along the Columbia River and east of the Cascades in Washington; southwestern Washington to northern Oregon, east to west-central Idaho; also in southwestern British Columbia.
Habitat: Dunes and sandy shorelines of desert areas and riverbanks.
Origin: Native
Flowers: August-October
Growth Duration: Annual
Corispermum pallasiiPallas' bugseed
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; southwestern British Columbia to northwestern Oregon, east across Canada and the northern U.S. to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Sand dunes, sandy and gravelly areas along streams and rivers, wastelots.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: August-October
Growth Duration: Annual
Corispermum pallidumpale bugseed
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades, where historically endemic to central Washington; likely extinct.
Habitat: Sandy shorelines of streams and lakes.
Origin: Native
Flowers: August-October
Growth Duration: Annual
Corispermum villosumhairy bugseed
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest and west of the crest along the lower Columbia River in Washington; southern British Columbia to southern Oregon, east to the northern Rocky Mountain States, Great Plains, and Quebec.
Habitat: Sagebrush desert, often where alkaline.
Origin: Native
Flowers: August-October
Growth Duration: Annual
Dysphania ambrosioidesMexican tea, wormseed
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Washington to California, east to the southern Rocky Mountains; native from the Great Plains to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Roadsides and waste areas, riparian zones, tolerant of alkaline.
Origin: Introduced from southern North America and tropical America
Flowers: July-November
Growth Duration: Annual
Dysphania botrysJerusalem oak goosefoot, Jerusalem oak
Distribution: Occurring chiefly east of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east across much of the U.S. and parts of southern Canada.
Habitat: Streambanks, gravel bars, roadsides, and other distrubed, open areas.
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia
Flowers: May-October
Growth Duration: Annual
Dysphania pumiliosmall crumbweed, clammy goosefoot
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest chiefly along the southern border of Washington; southern British Columbia to California and northern Nevada, east to Idaho; scattered in eastern half of U.S.
Habitat: Sandy or gravelly soils, streambanks, waste areas, and other disturbed sites.
Origin: Introduced from Australia
Flowers: July-September
Growth Duration: Annual
Grayia spinosaspiny hopsage
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; Washington to California, east to Wyoming and Colorado.
Habitat: Foothills and desert valleys, often in alkaline soil.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-June
Growth Duration: Perennial
Halogeton glomeratushalogeton, saltlover
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; Washington to California, east to the Rocky Mountains.
Habitat: Fields, roadsides, wastelots, and other distrubed areas.
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia
Flowers: July-September
Growth Duration: Annual
Krascheninnikovia lanatawinterfat
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; Washington to California, east to the Great Plains.
Habitat: Sagebrush plains and foothills, often in saline or alkaline soil.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-July
Growth Duration: Perennial
Micromonolepis pusillared povertyweed
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; disjunct in central Washington, otherwise from southern Oregon to California, east to Nevada, Utah, Wyoming, and Colorado.
Habitat: Sagebrush-steppe desert, often where alkaline.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-June
Growth Duration: Annual
Oxybasis chenopodioideslow goosefoot, red goosefoot
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Coilumbia to California, east to the Rocky Mountains.
Habitat: Sagebrush desert to sandy areas or mountain slopes, often on roadsides.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Growth Duration: Annual
Oxybasis glaucaglaucous goosefoot, oakleaf goosefoot
Distribution: Occcurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California, east across the northern half of North America to the Atlantic Coast; also in Eurasia.
Habitat: Open, sometimes disturbed, areas, often where soil is alkaline or saline.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Growth Duration: Annual
ssp. glauca – oak-leaf goosefoot
ssp. salina – Rocky Mountain goosefoot
Oxybasis macrospermalarge seed goosefoot
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in Washington; southwestern British Columbia to Washington, also in California and North Carolina.
Habitat: Disturbed, moist sites and shorelines.
Origin: Introduced from South America
Flowers: June-August
Growth Duration: Annual
Oxybasis rubrared goosefoot
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California, east to the Great Plains, Great Lakes Region, and Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Moist, saline soils.
Origin: Both native and introduced
Flowers: July-October
Growth Duration: Annual
var. humilis – marshland goosefoot
var. rubra – red goosefoot
Salicornia depressalow saltwort
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest ialong the marine coast in Washington; Alaska to California; also along the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Salt marshes.
Origin: Native
Flowers: July-September
Growth Duration: Annual
Salicornia pacificawoody glasswort, pickleweed
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest along the coast in Washington; Alaska to Baja California.
Habitat: Salt marshes and beaches along coast.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-October
Growth Duration: Perennial
Salicornia rubrared glasswort saltwort
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; Yukon to California, east to the Rocky Mountains Great Plains, and Great Lakes region.
Habitat: Saline or alkaline soil.
Origin: Native
Flowers: July-September
Growth Duration: Annual
Salsola tragusRussian thistle, tumbleweed
Distribution: Occurring chiefly east of the Cascades crest in Washington, where widely distributed; southern British Columbia to California, east across North America to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Roadside, meadows, fields, wastelots, and other disturbed open areas from low to middle elevations.
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia
Flowers: June-August
Growth Duration: Annual
Suaeda calceoliformispaiuteweed, common seablite, horned seablite, pahute weed
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California, east to the Great Plains, and also along the coast of eastern North America.
Habitat: Open, moist to wet areas, typically where saline.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Growth Duration: Annual
Suaeda nigrabushy seablite seepweed
Distribution: Occurring in Klickitat County in Washington; south-central Washington to California, east to the Great Plains.
Habitat: Alkaline soils in sagebrush flats and valleys.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Growth Duration: Annual
Suaeda occidentalisslender seablite, western seepweed
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; central Washington to California and Nevada, east to Wyoming and Utah.
Habitat: Saline or alkaline flats and marshes in sagebrush area.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Growth Duration: Annual