Vascular Plants

Includes all flowering plants, conifers, ferns and fern-allies.

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Common names beginning with N:
42 common names
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Nagoonberry (Rubus arcticus)
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in north-central Washington; Alaska to Oregon, east to the Rocky Mountains, and east across Canada to the Great Lakes Region and the northern Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Montane meadows, bogs, and woodlands to alpine tundra.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Growth Duration: Perennial
Slender naias (Najas flexilis)
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California, east to Montana, Colorado, Utah, and Arizona, east across the northern Great Plains to the Great Lakes region and eastern North America.
Habitat: Fresh to slightly brackish water.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-August
Growth Duration: Annual
Leafy nama (Nama densa)
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; Douglas County, Washington to California, east to Montana, Wyoming, Colorado, Nevada, and Arizona.
Habitat: Dry, sandy places in the deserts and foothills.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Growth Duration: Annual
Matted nama (Nama densa)
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; Douglas County, Washington to California, east to Montana, Wyoming, Colorado, Nevada, and Arizona.
Habitat: Dry, sandy places in the deserts and foothills.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Growth Duration: Annual
Nap-at-noon (Ornithogalum umbellatum)
Distribution: Occurring in scattered locations on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to Idaho and Utah, also from Great Plains to eastern North America.
Habitat: Roadsides, open forests, fields, wastelots, and other disturbed areas at low elevation.
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia
Flowers: April-May
Growth Duration: Perennial
Pheasant's eye narcissus (Narcissus poeticus)
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in lowland western Washington; northwestern Washington to southwestern Oregon.
Habitat: Roadsides, fields and waste places.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: April-May
Growth Duration: Perennial
Poet's narcissus (Narcissus poeticus)
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in lowland western Washington; northwestern Washington to southwestern Oregon.
Habitat: Roadsides, fields and waste places.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: April-May
Growth Duration: Perennial
Brewer's navarretia (Navarretia breweri)
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; central Washington to California, east to Wyoming and Arizona.
Habitat: Dry, open areas and meadows, from the foothills to middle elevations in the mountains
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Growth Duration: Annual
Divaricate navarretia (Navarretia divaricata)
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to Montana and Nevada.
Habitat: Dry, open places from the foothills to mid-elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Growth Duration: Annual
Great Basin navarretia (Navarretia propinqua)
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; south-central British Columbia to California, east to the Rocky Mountains.
Habitat: Seasonally moist sagebrush desert plains, ponderosa pine forest openings, and meadows at low to middle elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Growth Duration: Annual
Least navarretia (Navarretia leucocephala)
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; central Washington to California, east to Idaho, Utah, and Nevada.
Habitat: Moist meadows and vernal pools, and other moist, open places in the foothills and lowlands.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Growth Duration: Annual
Linear-leaved navarretia (Navarretia linearifolia)
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington in the southeastern corner; southeastern Washington to California, east to Nevada.
Habitat: Open, dry, seasonally moist soils at low to moderate elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-June
Growth Duration: Annual
Marigold navarretia (Navarretia tagetina)
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington in Klickitat County; south-central Washington to California.
Habitat: Dry, open places at low elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-June
Growth Duration: Annual
Mountain navarretia (Navarretia divaricata)
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to Montana and Nevada.
Habitat: Dry, open places from the foothills to mid-elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Growth Duration: Annual
Near navarretia (Navarretia propinqua)
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; south-central British Columbia to California, east to the Rocky Mountains.
Habitat: Seasonally moist sagebrush desert plains, ponderosa pine forest openings, and meadows at low to middle elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Growth Duration: Annual
Needle-leaf navarretia (Navarretia intertexta)
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to Washington, east to Idaho.
Habitat: Open slopes, meadows and margins of pools, from the lowlands to moderate elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Growth Duration: Annual
Northern navarretia (Navarretia tagetina)
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington in Klickitat County; south-central Washington to California.
Habitat: Dry, open places at low elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-June
Growth Duration: Annual
Yellow-flowered navarretia (Navarretia breweri)
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; central Washington to California, east to Wyoming and Arizona.
Habitat: Dry, open areas and meadows, from the foothills to middle elevations in the mountains
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Growth Duration: Annual
Needle-and-thread (Hesperostipa comata)
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; Yukon Territory to California, east to the Great Plains and Great Lakes region.
Habitat: Plains and prairies to forested areas in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Growth Duration: Perennial
Common western needlegrass (Achnatherum occidentale)
Distribution: Occurring chiefly east of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to the Rocky Mountains.
Habitat: Grassland, sagebrush desert, and coniferous forests from low to middle elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Growth Duration: Perennial
Henderson's needlegrass (Achnatherum hendersonii)
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Douglas, Kittitas, and Yakima counties; central Washington to Jefferson County, Oregon.
Habitat: Dry, rocky, shallow soil, in sagebrush desert or ponderosa pine forest openings.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-June
Growth Duration: Perennial
Lemmon's needlegrass (Achnatherum lemmonii)
Distribution: Occurring chiefly east of the Cascades crest in Washington; southern British Columbia to California, east to the Rocky Mountains.
Habitat: Grassy balds, prairies, sagebrush grasslands, and ponderosa pine forest, from the lowlands to middle elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-June
Growth Duration: Perennial
Nelson's needlegrass (Achnatherum nelsonii)
Distribution: Occurring chiefly east of the Cascades crest in Washington; Yukon Territory to California, east to the northern Great Plains and Colorado.
Habitat: Moist to mesic, montane to subalpine meadows and open forest.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Growth Duration: Perennial
Small-flowered nemophila (Nemophila parviflora)
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington, but more common west of the crest; British Columbia to California, east to Idaho and Utah.
Habitat: Shady, wooded slopes, forest openings and edge, from low to middle elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-July
Growth Duration: Annual
Spreading nemophila (Nemophila pedunculata)
Distribution: Occurring chiefly west of the Cascades crest in Washington; southern Vancouver Island, British Columbia to Baja California, east to Idaho and Nevada.
Habitat: Moist, open places, like meadows and bottom lands, in the foothills and lowlands, occasionally somewhat higher.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-June
Growth Duration: Annual
Burning nettle (Urtica urens)
Distribution: Introduced sparsely in western Washington; distributed throughout much of North America except parts of the Midwest and Intermountain West.
Habitat: Moist, disturbed soil.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: June-July
Growth Duration: Annual
Stinging nettle (Urtica dioica)
Distribution: Widely distributed on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California, east across North America to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: In deep, rich soil or near moisture, sagebrush deserts, shady lowlands and mountain slopes, sea level to subalpine.
Origin: Both native and introduced from Eurasia
Flowers: May-September
Growth Duration: Perennial
American black nightshade (Solanum americanum)
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east along the southern border of the U.S. to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Disturbed open areas, roadsides, waste ground.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: July-September
Growth Duration: Annual, Perennial
Bittersweet nightshade (Solanum dulcamara)
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east across North America to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Thickets, clearings and open woods, usually in moist soil
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia
Flowers: May-September
Growth Duration: Perennial
Climbing nightshade (Solanum dulcamara)
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east across North America to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Thickets, clearings and open woods, usually in moist soil
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia
Flowers: May-September
Growth Duration: Perennial
Cut-leaf nightshade (Solanum triflorum)
Distribution: Occurring chiefly east of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east across most of North America to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Weedy native in fields and roadsides, often in undisturbed sites at low to moderate elevations.
Origin: Introduced from South America
Flowers: July-August
Growth Duration: Annual
European black nightshade (Solanum nigrum)
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California, east in scattered locations across North America to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Fields, roadsides and other disturbed sites, especially in moister areas; often in urban and suburban areas.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: July-November
Growth Duration: Annual
Hairy nightshade (Solanum physalifolium)
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California, east across most of North America to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Fields, roadsides, thickets, wastelots, and other disturbed areas.
Origin: Introduced from South America
Flowers: May-October
Growth Duration: Annual
Horned nightshade (Solanum rostratum)
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east across North America to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Roadsides and other disturbed areas, often where dry.
Origin: Introduced from central US
Flowers: June-September
Growth Duration: Annual
Silver-leaf nightshade (Solanum elaeagnifolium)
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in southeastern Washington; Washington to California, east across the southern half of the U.S. to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Fields, roadsides, wastelots, and other disturbed areas.
Origin: Introduced from Mexico and eastern United States
Flowers: June-August
Growth Duration: Perennial
Mallow ninebark (Physocarpus malvaceus)
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in eastern Washington; British Columbia to Oregon and Nevada, east to Alberta, Montana, Wyoming, and Colorado.
Habitat: Canyons and hillsides, grasslands, ponderosa pine and Douglas-fir forest openings and edge.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Growth Duration: Perennial
Mallow-leaf ninebark (Physocarpus malvaceus)
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in eastern Washington; British Columbia to Oregon and Nevada, east to Alberta, Montana, Wyoming, and Colorado.
Habitat: Canyons and hillsides, grasslands, ponderosa pine and Douglas-fir forest openings and edge.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Growth Duration: Perennial
Pacific ninebark (Physocarpus capitatus)
Distribution: Occurring chiefly west of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California, east to Idaho.
Habitat: Moist woods and swamps in the lower mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-June
Growth Duration: Perennial
Common nipplewort (Lapsana communis)
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington, but more often west of the crest; Alaska to California, east across much of North America to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Disturbed areas including roadsides, wastelots, fields, and forest edge.
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia
Flowers: May-July
Growth Duration: Annual
Nipplewort (Lapsana communis)
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington, but more often west of the crest; Alaska to California, east across much of North America to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Disturbed areas including roadsides, wastelots, fields, and forest edge.
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia
Flowers: May-July
Growth Duration: Annual
Jack go to bed at noon (Tragopogon pratensis)
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east across North America to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Roadsides, fields and waste places, usually in slightly moist areas.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: May-August
Growth Duration: Biennial
Yellow nut-grass (Cyperus esculentus)
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east across North America to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Moist, low ground along streams and ditches, but sometimes in drier ground.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Growth Duration: Perennial