Toothed Fungi
9 genera
36 species
0 subspecies and varieties
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Auriscalpium vulgareear-pick fungus, ear-spoon fungus, pinecone mushroom, pinecone tooth
Description: Auriscalpium vulgare is an unmistakable, but usually inconspicuous, fungus. It is small, dark brown, hairy, and the stipe is lateral. Current evidence suggests it is related to the gilled fungus Lentinellus, the coralloid Clavicorona, the poroid Albatrellus, and other relatives of the russulas, including the fellow spine-fungus, Hericium. The species epithet, “vulgare,” means common, and attests to the wide distribution of the fungus in much of North America, Europe, and temperate Asia.
Habitat: Auriscalpium vulgare is found primarily on (often buried) Douglas-fir cones in the PNW. Elsewhere it can often be found on the cones of pine or occasionally spruce.
Substrate: Fallen or buried cones
Bankera fuligineoalbagrayish white hydnum, drab tooth
Bankera violascensspruce tooth
Description: Bankera violascens has a smooth, then scaly, irregularly lobed cap, which is whitish at first becoming purplish brown with age. The spines below are whitish to gray and 1/4 inches long. The stem is brownish purple, though white at the very top, and normally tapers to the base. The flesh is tinted lilac in the cap, and darker purplish brown in the stem.
Habitat: conifer woodland
Hericium abietisbear's-head
Distribution: Common in PNW
Habitat: It grows on conifer logs, especially those of fir and hemlock.
Hericium coralloidescoral tooth fungus
Hericium erinaceusbearded hedgehog, lion's mane Hericium, unbranched Hericium, lion's-mane, hedgehog mushroom, old-man's-beard, satyr's-beard, bearded tooth
Hydnellum aurantiacumorange Hydnellum, orange spine, orange rough-cap tooth, orange tooth
Distribution: Broad
Hydnellum caeruleumblue-gray Hydnellum, bluish Hydnellum, blue spine, blue tooth, bluish tooth
Distribution: Broad
Hydnellum concrescensconcrescent corky spine fungus, zonate tooth, zoned tooth
Hydnellum geogeniumyellow tooth
Hydnellum peckiibleeding Hydnellum, strawberries-and-cream, devil's tooth, red-juice tooth
Hydnellum scrobiculatumrough Hydnellum, ridged tooth
Hydnellum suaveolenssweet-smelling Hydnellum, sweet spine
Hydnum repandumyellow-toothed fungus, spreading hedgehog, wood hedgehog, hedgehog mushroom, sweet tooth
Hydnum umbilicatumnavel tooth fungus, depressed hedgehog
Phellodon atratusblack tooth
Distribution: Confined to the Pacific Coast.
Habitat: Common under Sitka spruce.
Phellodon melaleucusgray tooth
Phellodon tomentosuszoned cork Hydnum, zoned Phellodon, woolly tooth
Distribution: Common in PNW and occur elsewhere in the northern U.S., Canada, and Europe.
Habitat: Conifer forests
Sarcodon calvatusrobust hedgehog
Sarcodon fuscoindicus
Habitat: Often occurs in moss near western hemlocks.
Sarcodon imbricatushawk-wing, scaly hedgehog, shingled hedgehog, scaly tooth
Distribution: Broad
Habitat: S. imbricatus is commonly found in the conifer forests of the PNW and in either conifer or mixed forests in the rest of North America and much of Europe.
Sarcodon rimosuscracked Hydnum
Sarcodon scabrosusbitter hedgehog, scaber Hydnum, bitter tooth
Distribution: Common in PNW
Habitat: S. scabrosus occurs in conifer forests in the PNW, especially in second-growth stands of western hemlock and Douglas-fir with a salal understory.