Checklist » Betulaceae » Betula papyrifera
Last updated 9/11/2023 by David Giblin.
Betula papyrifera Marshall[FNA3, HC, HC2]
canoe birch, paper birch, western paper birch, white birch

Publication: Arbust. Amer. 19. 1785.

Origin: Native

selected vouchers: WTU

Notes: FNA3: "Variants having more or less close, dark brown bark ( B . papyrifera var. commutata ) occur locally throughout the wide range of this species; this characteristic appears to be largely environmentally caused.

Betula × sandbergii Britton is a fairly common hybrid, occurring where the ranges of the parents ( B . papyrifera Marshall and B . pumila Linnaeus) come into contact. In most vegetative features it is intermediate between the parental conditions (K. E. Clausen 1963; C. O. Rosendahl 1928)."

References: (none)

Synonyms & Misapplied Names:
Betula alba L. var. commutata Regel
Betula montanensis
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fernald[HC]